Industrial Sector

  • Roger James Kuhns
  • George H. Shaw


The industrial sector can be summarized several ways in terms of its variety of energy demands. Many of the uses require very specific resources for particular processes in addition to general electrical use. Machine drive electricity demands, which comprise 50% of the energy used in manufacturing, include production of chemicals (22%), paper and wood products (16%), petroleum and coal (11%), metals refining and fabrication (13%), nonmetallic mineral processing (5%), manufacture of rubber and plastics (6%), transportation equipment and machinery production (6%), textiles (2%), computer and electronics (2%), and other manufacturing (6%). Approximately 30% of the energy needs go to direct uses and processes, while 17% is used in non-process activities, with the remainder going to various diverse activities.


Industry Fuel switching Petroleum Petrochemical Cogeneration Coal Wood Power 


  1. U.S.BLS (2017) Unemployment Statistics: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Accessed 17 May. 2017

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roger James Kuhns
    • 1
  • George H. Shaw
    • 2
  1. 1.SustainAudit, LLCMysticUSA
  2. 2.Geology DepartmentUnion CollegeSchenectadyUSA

Personalised recommendations