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English Language Education in the Philippines: Policies, Problems, and Prospects

  • Marilu Rañosa MadrunioEmail author
  • Isabel Pefianco Martin
  • Sterling Miranda Plata
Part of the Language Policy book series (LAPO, volume 11)

Abstract

The integration of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC) in 2015, as well as the United Nation’s call for Education for All (EFA) by 2015, has pushed the Philippine government to revamp the country’s educational system. Such revamp involves a review of the effectiveness of English language education (ELE) in the country, which may be described as currently at a crossroads, as stakeholders strive to address issues of developing the English language competencies of Filipino students on the one hand, and the strengthening of academic achievement on the other. ELE in the Philippines, which began during the American colonial period in the nineteenth century, has been found wanting in significantly contributing to increased learning outcomes among Filipino students. ELE policies have been beset with issues of alignment and coherence in the areas of curriculum and assessment, as well as challenges in the implementation of genuine reform. In addition, ELE has been implemented at the expense of literacy in the mother tongues. This chapter provides an overview of how ELE in the Philippines is evolving – learning from past mistakes and preparing for the future. The chapter is divided into five major parts, namely, (1) overview of the Philippine educational system; (2) ELE from the American colonial period to Martial Law; (3) Bilingual education and educational reforms from 1974 to 2010; (4) Mother-tongue based multilingual education (MTBMLE) and the K to 12 reform; and (5) prospects and possibilities for ELE in the Philippines. In this chapter, we make a case for Philippine ELE that strives to address the demands of the international community, but also upholds local culture through the use of the mother tongues.

Keywords

English language education Philippine language policy English in the Philippines 

Abbreviations

AEC

ASEAN Economic Community

AFREP

ASEAN Framework of Reference for English Proficiency

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations

BEC

Basic Education Curriculum

BEP

Bilingual Education Policy

BESRA

Basic Education Sector Reform Agenda

BPO

Business Process Outsourcing

CEFR

Common European Framework of Reference

CHED

Commission on Higher Education

DepEd

Department of Education

EBEP

Enhanced Basic Education Program

EDCOM

Congressional Commission on Education

EFA

Education for All

ELE

English Language Education

ELT

English Language Teaching

EO

Executive Order

HEI

Higher Education Institution

HB

House Bill

K-12

Kindergarten to 12th Grade

L1

First Language

L2

Second Language

L3

Third Language

MDG

Millennium Development Goals

MO

Memorandum Order

MOI

Medium of Instruction

MTBMLE

Mother-Tongue Based Multilingual Education

NAT

National Achievement Test

OFW

Overseas Filipino Workers

PCER

Presidential Commission for Educational Reform

PCPE

Presidential Commission to Survey Philippine Education

PQF

Philippine Qualifications Framework

TESDA

Technical Education and Skills Development Authority

UBD

Understanding by Design

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marilu Rañosa Madrunio
    • 1
    Email author
  • Isabel Pefianco Martin
    • 2
  • Sterling Miranda Plata
    • 3
  1. 1.University of Santo TomasManilaPhilippines
  2. 2.Ateneo de Manila UniversityQuezon CityPhilippines
  3. 3.De La Salle UniversityManilaPhilippines

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