In a plasma the situation is much more complicated than that in the last chapter; the E and B fields are not prescribed but are determined by the positions and motions of the charges themselves. One must solve a self-consistent problem; that is, find a set of particle trajectories and field patterns such that the particles will generate the fields as they move along their orbits and the fields will cause the particles to move in those exact orbits. And this must be done in a time-varying situation. It sounds very hard, but it is not.

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis F. Chen
    • 1
  1. 1.Electrical EngineeringUniversity of California at Los AngelesLos AngelesUSA

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