Thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that has several etiologies and can be associated with normal, elevated, or depressed thyroid function, often with evolution from one condition to another. Basing on clinical presentation, different subtypes of thyroiditis can be divided into those associated with thyroid pain and tenderness, and those that are painless. The most frequent painful form is subacute thyroiditis, while the most frequent painless form is autoimmune thyroiditis (i.e., Hashimoto’s disease). In this chapter, some principles of differential diagnosis, therapy, and follow-up of thyroiditis are briefly discussed. Furthermore, some typical images of thyroiditis are provided.
KeywordsSubacute thyroiditis Autoimmune thyroiditis Hashimoto’s disease Inflammation Thyroiditis Thyroid
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