• Pierpaolo TrimboliEmail author


The aim of this chapter is to discuss the general aspects of ultrasonography (US) for the evaluation of head and neck endocrine diseases. The normal US presentation of the thyroid gland is discussed and US evaluation of thyroid diseases is summarized. Furthermore some paragraphs are dedicated to elucidate the significance of incidental lesions detected by US, the role of this method in the follow-up of thyroid cancer patients, and the use of US to guide fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or core needle biopsy (CNB). Lastly, the role of US in evaluating hyperfunctioning parathyroid glands is briefly described.


Ultrasonography Ultrasound Thyroid nodule Thyroid cancer Parathyroid Neck 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Section of Endocrinology and DiabetologyOspedale Israelitico di RomaRomeItaly
  2. 2.Department of Nuclear Medicine and Thyroid CentreOncology Institute of Southern SwitzerlandBellinzonaSwitzerland

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