The Arctic is undergoing a significant transformation caused mostly by the climate change and globalization. An additional and very significant consequence of the biophysical changes is the increased interest in the Arctic by global players. To put it more generally, it could be stated that the growing interest is generated by new economic opportunities related to commercial maritime transport, development of oil and gas deposits, mining, fisheries, and tourism. The natural results are closer economic and geopolitical relations between the Arctic and the rest of the world. The Arctic is no longer an isolated or a distant region. Increased global interest is a potential source of conflicts between the need for discoveries and exploitation, and the requirements of protection.
KeywordsSignificant transformation Region of change Co-existence Knowledge Cooperation
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