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The High North pp 157-193 | Cite as

The High North as the Area of International Cooperation

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Abstract

The strong commitment of the states to the Arctic matters is considered natural. In this unique and vulnerable region, the Arctic states have not only obvious interests but also a long history of solving problems together. It does not mean, however, that the traditional activity of these states were brought about by the new context of international relations only, or that it is only a result of rich history, or realization of the need for joint actions to meet the challenges and opportunities posed by globalization processes. That region will most probably continue its cooperation to a large degree motivated by and based on its own internal tradition, cohesion and experience. Flexibility and ability of adapting actions to the new needs will remain its strong point. Hence it is hardly surprising that the Nordic states, with their typical pragmatic approach, voice their concern about the developments in the High North. For them this area, and the Arctic in particular, is a sub-region determining social and economic developments, and in which serious and very evident ecological challenges are to be met. For obvious reasons, a special role has been assumed by Norway and Denmark, although all Nordic states are in favor of engaging the EU and NATO in the matters of the High North. Naturally, they are of the opinion that those two organizations are capable of strengthening their own position vis-à-vis the other players, and above all towards the Russian Federation and the USA.

Keywords

European high north Nordic cooperation Arctic council EU policy Role of NATO 

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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jan Kochanowski UniversityKielcePoland

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