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The High North as a Part of the Global Climate System: Contemporary Challenges

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Abstract

Climate change will be the dominating subject of the twenty-first century. One of the consequences of climate change is the dearth or excess of water. Both do not only present imminent danger to many human beings but also present a major threat to the global balance. There is hardly any doubt that the current changes are unprecedented and likely to have profound effects. Glacier melting and growing precipitation increase runoff of fresh water to the Arctic Ocean which substantially decreases its salinity. The landscape of the High North is slowly altering, changing the unique fauna and flora of the region. The Arctic natural environment and human societies are deeply affected by the impact of climate change and similarly by the global economic development. Climate change is able to alter the nature and conditions of existence in the Arctic to a much larger extent than observed at the present time. This change impacts economy, health, the way of life, livelihoods and culture of the Arctic indigenous population.

Keywords

Climate system Snow and ice Climate changes Disputes on climate Consequences 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Jan Kochanowski UniversityKielcePoland

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