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Big Data in Civil Security Research: Methods to Visualize Data for the Geovisual Analysis of Fire Brigade Operations

  • Julia GonschorekEmail author
  • Hartmut Asche
  • Harald Schernthanner
  • Benjamin Bernhardt
  • Anja Langer
  • Marius Humpert
  • Caroline Räbiger
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9157)

Abstract

This article gives insight in a running dissertation as well as a finished project of the Masterprogram Geoinformation and Visualization at the University in Potsdam. Point of discussion is the spatial and temporal distribution of emergencies of German fire brigades that have not sufficiently been scientifically examined. The challenge is seen in Big Data: enormous amounts of data, that exist now (or can be collected in the future) and whose variables are linked to one another. These analyses and visualizations can form a basis for strategic, operational and tactical planning, as well as prevention measures. The user-centered (geo-) visualization of fire brigade data accessible to the general public is a scientific contribution to the research topic ‘Geovisual Analytics and geographical profiling’. It may supplement antiquated methods such as the so-called pinmaps as well as the areas of engagement that are freehand constructions in GIS. Considering police work, there are already numerous scientific projects, publications, and software solutions designed to meet the specific requirements of Crime Analysis and Crime Mapping. By adapting and extending these methods and techniques, civil security research can be tailored to the needs of fire departments. In this paper, a selection of appropriate visualization methods will be presented and discussed.

Keywords

Geovisual analytics Big data Visualization Explorative (Data-) analysis Civil security 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia Gonschorek
    • 1
    Email author
  • Hartmut Asche
    • 1
  • Harald Schernthanner
    • 1
  • Benjamin Bernhardt
    • 1
  • Anja Langer
    • 1
  • Marius Humpert
    • 1
  • Caroline Räbiger
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeographyUniversity of PotsdamPotsdamGermany

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