Advertisement

Aren’t They Too Young? The Challenge of Hermeneutical and Interreligious Learning in Catholic Religious Education: A Flemish Perspective

  • Annemie DillenEmail author

Abstract

One of the contemporary discussions in Flanders (Belgium) concerning religious education centres on the question how much diversity children can cope with. Do they first have to be initiated into one religion, especially the Catholic one, before they can be brought into contact with other religions? Is interreligious education preferable in a de-traditionalised country where most children following Catholic Religious Education, both in catholic and in public schools, do not know a lot about Catholicism as such? I will argue that both on theological and on pedagogical grounds, it is important to take children seriously as agents and as subjects who are not just empty vessels. Further, within the Belgian context, children come into contact with religious and philosophical diversity from an early age, by watching neighbours, watching television or listening to other pupil’s world views. Therefore, it is important to search for methods that stimulate children in critical, hermeneutical thinking and communication about religion in dialogue with each other and with materials from other religions and world views. At the same time a profound introduction in the catholic religion is necessary in order to stimulate a communicative attitude.

Keywords

Religious Tradition Religious Education Economic Profit Socialisation Paradigm Liberal Market Economy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. Biesinger, A. (1998). Geloven met kinderen: Aanwijzingen voor moeders en vaders. Tielt, Belgium: Lannoo.Google Scholar
  2. Biesinger, A. (1999). Kinder nicht um Gott betrügen: Anstiftungen für Väter und Mütter: Was daraus geworden ist. Lebendige Katechese, 21(2), 88–91.Google Scholar
  3. Boyatzis, C. J., & Janicki, D. L. (2003). Parent-child communication about religion: Survey and diary data on unilateral transmission and bi-directional reciprocity styles. Review of Religious Research, 44(3), 252–270.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cannella, G. S. (1997). Deconstructing early childhood education: Social justice and revolution. New York, NY: Peter Lang.Google Scholar
  5. Dillen, A. (2005). Ligt de lat niet te hoog?: Interreligieus leren in het licht van gangbare en nieuw kindbeelden. In C. Hermans (Ed.), Interreligieus leren op de basisschool (pp. 39–60). Budel, The Netherlands: Damon.Google Scholar
  6. Dillen, A. (2007). Religious participation of children as active subjects: Toward a hermeneutical-communicative model of religious education in families with young children. International Journal of Children’s Spirituality, 12(1), 37–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dillen, A. (2014). The complex flavour of Children’s spirituality in Flanders: Fostering an open catholic spirituality. In J. Watson, M. De Souza, & A. Trousdale (Eds.), Global perspectives on spirituality and education (pp. 45–57). New York, NY: Routledge.Google Scholar
  8. Fowler, J. (1981). Stages of faith: The psychology of human development and the quest for meaning. San Francisco, CA: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  9. Haers, J. (1999). Het avontuur van de traditie. Averbode, Belgium: Alteriora.Google Scholar
  10. Hauerwas, S. (1981). A community of character: Toward a constructive Christian social ethics. Notre Dame, Paris: University of Notre Dame Press.Google Scholar
  11. Hemrica, J. C. (2004). Kind-zijn tussen opvoeding en recht. Grondslagenonderzoek naar kindbeelden in discussies op het grensvlak van opvoeding en recht. Antwerpen, Belgium/Apeldoorn, The Netherlands: Garant.Google Scholar
  12. Hermans, C. A. M., & Van Vuygt, J. P. A. (1997). Identiteit door de tijd. Reflectie op het confessionele basisonderwijs in een geseculariseerde en multiculturele samenleving. Den Haag, The Netherlands: ABKO.Google Scholar
  13. Hyde, B. (2008). Children and spirituality. Searching for meaning and connectedness. London, UK: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.Google Scholar
  14. James, A., & Prout, A. (1990). Constructing and reconstructing childhood: Contemporary issues in the sociological study of childhood. London, UK: Falmer Press.Google Scholar
  15. Koops, W., & Meerum Terwogt, M. (1994). Vroeg-kinderlijke psychologische theorieën: Een overzicht van actueel onderzoek. In P. Steerneman & H. Pelzer (Eds.), Sociale cognitie en sociale competentie bij kinderen en jeugdigen (pp. 25–46). Leuven, Belgium: Garant.Google Scholar
  16. Koops, W. (1997). Het moderne kind als kleine volwassene. In H. Baartman (Ed.), Gezinnen onder druk: Over veranderende ouder-kindrelaties (pp. 40–63). Kampen, The Netherlands: Kok.Google Scholar
  17. Loobuyck, P., Abicht, L., Beeckman, T., Chikha, C. B., Blancke, S., Boudry, M., … Vos, H. (2011, November 30). LEF voor de burgers van morgen. Academici en schrijvers bepleiten schoolvak levensbeschouwing, ethiek, burgerschap en filosofie. De Morgen. Retrieved from http://www.kuleuven.be/thomas/images/algemeen/actualiteit/visie/toekomst-godsdienstonderwijs/DeMorgen20111130-1.jpg
  18. Miller-McLemore, B. J. (2003). Let the children come. Reimagining childhood from a Christian perspective. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.Google Scholar
  19. Pollefeyt, D. (2008). Difference matters: A hermeneutic-communicative concept of didactics of religion in a European multi-religious context. Journal of Religion Education, 56(1), 9–17.Google Scholar
  20. Pollefeyt, D., & Bouwens, J. (2010). Framing the identity of catholic schools: Empirical methodology for quantitative research on the catholic identity of an education institute. International Studies in Catholic Education, 2(2), 193–210.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pollefeyt D., & Bouwens, J. (2014). Identity in dialogue. Assessing and enhancing Catholic school identity. Research methodology and research results in Catholic Schools in Victoria, Australia (Christian education and school identity, 1). Zürich, Switzerland/Berlin, Germany: LIT-Verlag.Google Scholar
  22. Pontifical Council on the Family. (2002). Conclusion of the 15th Plenary Assembly. Retrieved from http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_councils/family/documents/rc_pc_family_doc_20021019_xv-plenary-conclusions_en.html
  23. Rieffe, C. J., Koops, W., & Meerum Terwogt, M. (1996). Vroegkinderlijk begrip van mentale processen: The child’s theory of mind. In J. D. Bosch, H. A. Bosma, D. N. Oudshoorn, J. Rispens, & A. Vijt (Eds.), Jaarboek ontwikkelingspsychologie, orthopedagogiek en kinderpsychiatrie 2 (pp. 216–235). Houten, The Netherlands: Bohn Stafleu van Loghum.Google Scholar
  24. Roebben, B. (2013). Seeking sense in the city. European perspectives on religious education (Dortmunder Beiträge zur Theologie und Religionspädagogik), Münster, Germany: Lit-verlag.Google Scholar
  25. Schweitzer, F. (2013). Das Recht des Kindes auf Religion. Gütersloh, Germany: Gütersloher Verlag.Google Scholar
  26. Synod of bishops. XIII Ordinary General Assembly. (2012). Instrumentum Laboris. The New Evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith. Retrieved from http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/synod/documents/rc_synod_doc_20120619_instrumentum-xiii_en.html
  27. Ter Horst, W. (1995). Wijs me de weg: Mogelijkheden voor een christelijke opvoeding in een post-christelijke samenleving. Kampen, Germany: Kok.Google Scholar
  28. Timmers-Huigens, D. (2002). Het geloofsgesprek tussen generaties. Praktische Theologie, 29(2), 159–176.Google Scholar
  29. Van den Bergh, B. (1998). Kindbeeld in context. Wisselwerking tussen maatschappelijke en wetenschappelijke benadering van kinderen. Ethiek en maatschappij, 4, 92–115.Google Scholar
  30. Vanobbergen, B. (2001). Geen kinderspel: Kinderen tussen opvoeding en consumptie. In H. Van Crombrugge & B. Vanobbergen (Eds.), Opvoedend onderwijs: Verkenningen in de theorie en de praktijk van de waardecommunicatie op school (pp. 111–132). Gent, Belgium: Academia Press.Google Scholar
  31. Vlaams parlement trekt discussie over godsdienstonderwijs op gang. (2011, December 1). De Morgen. Retrieved from http://www.demorgen.be/dm/nl/1344/Onderwijs/article/detail/1356474/2011/12/01/Vlaams-Parlement-trekt-debat-over-godsdienstonderwijs-op-gang.dhtml
  32. Wall, J. (2004). ‘Let the little children come’: Child rearing as challenge to contemporary Christian ethics. Horizons, 31(1), 64–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Theology and Religious StudiesK.U. LeuvenLeuvenBelgium

Personalised recommendations