Defining the Middle Ground: A Comprehensive Approach to the Planning, Design and Implementation of Smart City Operating Systems

  • Christopher Grant KirwanEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9180)


As cities have become more sophisticated with the introduction of advanced information technology and with the widespread use of social media, there is a need to identify a middle ground (or connective mode) which links the operating systems of the city with its citizens. In order to develop a new viable model for Smart City operating systems, an in-depth understanding of key drivers of the city will be required. This process must simultaneously integrate both top-down and bottom-up data streams to allow operating systems to grow organically and sustainably, with the following goals: (1) Permit city leaders to make more informed decisions, (2) Create an open development environment that will encourage private enterprise to infuse capital, technology and innovative business solutions, (3) Allow citizens to participate in the operation and management of their communities. The primary objective of this paper is to define the required methodology to plan, design and implement appropriate solutions to City DNA through the use of an integrated “Middle Ground” approach.


Smart Cities City OS Operating Systems System Architecture Urban Interface City DNA Collective Intelligence Citizen Participation 



I am pleased to recognize contributions to this paper made by the following colleagues:


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Reignwood Innovation Technology CenterBeijingChina

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