Usability Evaluation of Kinect-Based System for Ballet Movements

  • Milka TrajkovaEmail author
  • Mexhid Ferati
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9187)


Since the 1800s, ballet education is influenced by the use of mirrors. The aim of this study is to evaluate a Kinect-based system called Super Mirror, to discover if it has an impact on the usability in ballet instruction. Ballet students were evaluated on eight ballet movements (plié, élevé, grand plié, battement tendu (front, side and back), passé and développé) to measure the Super Mirror’s impact. The results show a potential usage in ballet education but improvements of Super Mirror are needed to comply with the standardized subject-matter expert’s criteria.


Usability Kinect Ballet User evaluation 



Authors would like to thank Joao Beira and Sebastian Kox for offering the Super Mirror system for testing and providing technical help. We thank Prof. Snezana Filipovska, Ph.D. and Prof. Slagjana Spasenovska, M.A. for the insightful input regarding the fundamentals of ballet, through which many of the ideas in this paper were developed and shaped. We would also like to acknowledge the students from the State Ballet School, Ilija-Nikolovski Luj from Skopje, Macedonia who participated in the study.


  1. 1.
    American ballet theatre: american ballet theatre ballet dictionary.
  2. 2.
    Anderson, F., Grossman, T., Matejka, J., Fitzmaurice, G.W.: YouMove: enhancing movement training with an augmented reality mirror. In: User Interface Software and Technology (UIST), pp. 311–320. ACM (2013)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Dearborn, K., Ross, R.: Dance learning and the mirror: comparison study of dance phrase learning with and without mirrors. J. Dance. Educ. 6(4), 109–115 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Eaves, D.L., Breslin, G., van Schaik, P., Robinson, E., Spears, I.R.: The short-term effects of real-time virtual reality feedback on motor learning in dance. Presence: Teleoperators Virtual Environ. 20(1), 62–77 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Foster, S.L., Desmond, J.: Dancing Bodies. New Cultural Studies of Dance, pp. 235–257. Duke University Press, Durham (1997)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Gray, J.A.: The dance teacher a computerized behavioral profile. J. Phys. Res. Edu. Dance 54(9), 34–35 (1983)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Green, J.: Somatic authority and the myth of the ideal body in dance education. Dance Res. J. 31(2), 80–100 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Leijen, Ä., Lam, I., Wildschut, L., Robert-Jan, S., Admiraal, W.: Streaming Video to enhance students’ reflection in dance education. Comput. Edu. 52(1), 169–176 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Marquardt, Z., Beira, J., Em, N., Paiva, I., Kox, S: Super mirror: a kinect interface for ballet dancers. In: CHI 2012 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems, pp. 1619–1624. ACM (2012)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
    Radell, S.A.: Mirrors in dance class: help or hindrance? In: International Association for Dance Medicine and Science (2013)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Radell, S.A., Adame, D.D., Cole, S.P.: Effect of teaching with mirrors on ballet dance performance: percept. Motor. Skill. 97, 960–964 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Sukel, K.E., Catrambone, R., Essa, I., Brostow, G.: Presenting movement in a computer-based dance tutor. Int. J. Hum.-Comput. Int. 15(3), 433–452 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
    Tryplex - the toolkit for collaborative design innovation - Google project hosting.
  16. 16.
    Twitchett, E., Angioi, M., Koutedakis, Y., Wyon, M.: Video analysis of classical ballet performance. J. Dance. Med. Sci. 13(4), 124–128 (2009)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. The Research-Based Web Design and Usability Guidelines, Enlarged/Expanded edition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington (2006)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.South East European UniversitySkopjeMacedonia

Personalised recommendations