Differences in the Adoption of Smartphones Between Middle Aged Adults and Older Adults in China

  • Shang GaoEmail author
  • John Krogstie
  • Yuhao Yang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9193)


This research aims to investigate the differences in the adoption of smartphones between middle aged adults and older adults in China. Based on a literature review from previous research, a research model with eight research hypotheses was developed by extending UTAUT with a consideration of observability and compatibility from IDT, and perceived enjoyment and price value. This research model was empirically examined using survey data from 196 middle aged adults and 146 older adults respectively from China. The findings indicated that the effects of perceived enjoyment, compatibility, and observability on users’ intention to use smartphones were significant, but no age differences between middle aged adults and older age adults were found to exist. Furthermore, the findings also identified age-related differences in the use and adoption of smartphones. The effects of performance expectancy and social influence on users’ intention to use smartphones were moderated by age, such that it was significant for older adults but insignificant for middle aged adults.


Adoption of smartphones UTAUT Older adults Middle aged adults 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer and Information ScienceNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway
  2. 2.School of Business AdministrationZhongnan University of Economics and LawWuhanChina

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