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Sustainable Development Policies for Minor Deprived Urban Communities and Natural and Cultural Heritage Conservation

  • Paolo VenturaEmail author
  • Michela Tiboni
Chapter
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Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the topics and lessons of the COST C27 Sustainable Development Policies for Minor Deprived Urban Communities (SDPMDUC) Action (2006–2011) related to the conservation and revitalization of natural and cultural heritage. The COST C27 Action aimed to investigate “the range of threats to sustainable development faced by small communities and rural areas and the planning tools developed for them” as well as “the use of suitable indicators and parameters (planning tools, specific technical improvements) to analyze and assess the best practice case studies . . .” SDPMDUC topics, especially the growing environmental degradation and “severe income disparities, food crises and dysfunctional cities,” (WEF 2014) are crucial to the contemporary world’s economic critical asset. Moreover, it is well-known that the economic crisis affects not only developing countries but also concerns developed countries and even their wealthy areas. SDPMDUC therapies, or best practices, look at development perspectives that are quite different from “normal” ones. The Degrowth theory, for instance, which systematically criticizes the lack of a more comprehensive economic interpretation of current economic phenomena, proposes new tasks and actions. Deprivation phenomena are currently particularly acute because of the main facts that we assume to having been fully demonstrated: for instance, the pioneer research performed by Meadows et al. for the Club of Rome in 1972; the ever widening gap between gross domestic product and the index of well-being in rich societies after the 1970s; the growth of inequalities in terms of social and economic cleavages; the hopelessness of a constantly developing society. COST C27 research suggests a methodology to build a framework of knowledge by using and improving a varied and integrated system of analysis, synthesis, and monitoring tools. Case studies highlight, detect, and define good and coherent policies and practices in planning strategy and territorial government. One of the main topics  is related to tourism-development experiences. For many territories that are rich in environmental, cultural, urban, historical, and particular social resources, tourism represents an opportunity for economic development along with  risks, contradictions and threats. C27 research shows that government land use actions, including laissez faire ones, have a strong influence on development and deprivation. They can create conditions and improve tools to orient the way in which resources are used by both resident and occasional population. Only coordinated improved planning strategy action can generate long-term effects and social, economic, and beneficial environmental consequences.

Keywords

Sustainable development Minor communities Deprivation Natural and cultural heritage 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental, Land Management Engineering and ArchitectureUniversity of Parma (Italy)ParmaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Architecture, Land, Environment and of MathematicsUniversity of Brescia (Italy)BresciaItaly

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