Romanian Cultural Territorial Systems First Experience
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A member of the UE since 2007, Romania is looking for ways to be not just an extension of the EU market but also a real democratic and competitive country. The totalitarian regime left important marks on the country, especially during its last decade: isolation of the country, unsustainable industrialization, and maybe even more important, mistrust between people and confused values and beliefs. With this “difficult heritage,” the transition toward a market economy as well as a democratic society has been difficult including “wild” privatization of previously state enterprises, delayed and messy retrocession process of land and buildings, corruption of decision makers, lack of understanding about the role of civil society, and the inherent weakness of this newly born third sector (there were no associations or foundations during the communist regime). Even more so than the large cities, small historical centers struggle to keep the population, to find economic viability, and to preserve in the same time the local identity. Their future depends very much on the capacity of their leaders to understand and make use of the few opportunities that are currently available. In other words, these places depend of the ability of their communities to plan for their future.
KeywordsUrban planning Romanian national planning system Urban planning legislation
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