Robotic Urologic Surgery: How to Make an Effective Robotic Program—A European Perspective

  • Paolo Umari
  • Giorgio Gandaglia
  • Nicola Fossati
  • Alessandro Volpe
  • Ruben De Groote
  • Alexandre Mottrie


Over the last decade the introduction of novel technologies substantially changed our approach to patients with urologic pathologies. Worldwide the number of robotic procedures performed per year is rapidly increasing. In current literature the relevance of robotic surgical training is progressively increasing although it is not easy to define and validate standardized paths for surgeons that are approaching for the first time to robotic surgery. In this context, the European Association of Urology Robotic Urology Section (ERUS) made several efforts in order to develop and validate an educational program for surgeons starting their robotic career.


Robotic surgery Robotic curriculum Training Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paolo Umari
    • 1
  • Giorgio Gandaglia
    • 2
  • Nicola Fossati
    • 2
  • Alessandro Volpe
    • 3
  • Ruben De Groote
    • 4
  • Alexandre Mottrie
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of UrologyASUIT, University of TriesteTriesteItaly
  2. 2.Division of Oncology/Unit of UrologyIRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele, Urological Research InstituteMilanItaly
  3. 3.Department of Urology, Maggiore della Carità HospitalUniversity of Eastern PiedmontNovaraItaly
  4. 4.Department of UrologyOnze-Lieve-Vrouw HospitalAalstBelgium
  5. 5.ORSI AcademyMelleBelgium

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