Design Solutions for Interactive Multi-video Multimedia Learning Objects

  • Caio C. VielEmail author
  • Kamila R. H. Rodrigues
  • Cesar A. C. Teixeira
  • Maria G. C. Pimentel
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9192)


The increasing popularity of distance education courses, including Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), creates a demand for the production of quality video-based educational material. In order to reduce the costs involved in the production of video lectures, several researchers have investigated alternatives for capture and access systems which automatically capture lecture contents to generate corresponding video lectures. We also developed a system for this purpose; however our system generates Interactive Multimedia Learning Objects (iMLO) instead of a traditional (linear) video lecture. The iMLO’s features and its interface are important issues for the development of the capture and access system. Interface aspects, such as which are proper ways to present content for users and which navigation facilities are more useful, are distinctive requirements and may impact the user experience. In this paper we present a novel design for the iMLOs which results from an evolution process supported by feedbacks from the main stakeholders: students and lecturers. The feedbacks have been acquired by analyzing the interaction of students with the iMLOs in real scenarios. Based on these feedbacks, we have identified several design implications. We present the proposed interfaces and proof-of-concepts implementations and report lessons learned during the development of the final design solution, which can guide other designers in the conception of new iMLOs. The whole process is documented by means of Design Rationale.


Multimedia learning object Design solution Design rationale Capture and access 



São Paulo Research Foundation – FAPESP (process no. 13/50469-5), CAPES and CNPQ.


  1. 1.
    Abowd, G., Pimentel, M.G., Kerimbaev, B., Ishiguro, Y., Guzdial, M.: Anchoring discussions in lecture: an approach to collaboratively extending classroom digital media. In: Proceedings of Computer Support for Collaborative Learning, CSCL 1999. International Society of the Learning Sciences (1999)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Brotherton, J.A., Abowd, G.D.: Lessons learned from eclass: assessing automated capture and access in the classroom. ACM Trans. Comput. Hum. Interact. 11(2), 121–155 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cattelan, R.G., Baldochi, L.A., Pimentel, M.D.G.: Experiences on building capture and access applications. In: Proceedings of Brazilian Symposium on Multimedia and Hypermidia Systems, pp. 112–127 (2003)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Chou, H.-P., Wang, J.-M., Fuh, C.-S., Lin, S.-C., Chen, S.-W.: Automated lecture recording system. In: Proceedings of International Conference on System Science and Engineering, pp. 167–172, July 2010Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Dickson, P.E., Warshow, D.I., Goebel, A.C., Roache, C.C., Adrion, W.R.: Student reactions to classroom lecture capture. In: Proceedings of Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education, ITiCSE 2012, pp. 144–149. ACM, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    H.761, R. I.-T. Nested context language (NCL) and Ginga-NCL for iptv services. Technical report (2009)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Halawa, S., Pang, D., Cheung, N.-M., Girod, B.: Classx: an open source interactive lecture streaming system. In: Proceedings of ACM International Conference on Multimedia, MM 2011, pp. 719–722. ACM, New York (2011)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lee, J., Lai, K.-Y.: What’s in design rationale? Hum. Comput. Interact. 6(3), 251–280 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Liu, T., Kender, J.: Lecture videos for e-learning: current research and challenges. In: Proceedings of IEEE International Symposium on Multimedia Software Engineering, pp. 574–578 (2004)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Melo, E.L., Viel, C.C., Teixeira, C.A.C., Rondom, A.C., Silva, D.P., Rodrigues, D.G., Silva E.C.: WebNCL: a web-based presentation machine for multimedia documents. In: Proceedings of Brazilian Symposium on Multimedia and the Web, WebMedia 2012, pp. 403–410. ACM, New York (2012)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nagai, T. Automated lecture recording system with AVCHD camcorder and micro server. In: Proceedings of ACM SIGUCCS Fall Conference, SIGUCCS 2009, pp. 47–54. ACM, New York (2009)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Schulte, O.A., Wunden, T., Brunner, A.: Replay: an integrated and open solution to produce, handle, and distribute audio-visual (lecture) recordings. In: Proceedings of ACM SIGUCCS Fall Conference: Moving Mountains, Blazing Trails, SIGUCCS 2008, pp. 195–198. ACM, New York (2008)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Viel, C.C., Melo, E.L., Pimentel, M.G., Texieira, C.A.C.: Go beyond boundaries of iTV applications. In: Proceedings of ACM Symposium on Document Engineering (DocEng 2013), pp. 263–272. ACM, New York (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Viel, C.C., Melo, E.L., Pimentel, M.G., Texieira, C.A.C.: Multimedia multi-device educational presentations preserved as interactive multi-video objects. In: Proceedings of Brazilian Symposium on Multimedia and the Web (WebMedia 2013), pp. 51–58. ACM, New York (2013)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Caio C. Viel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Kamila R. H. Rodrigues
    • 2
  • Cesar A. C. Teixeira
    • 2
  • Maria G. C. Pimentel
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Mathematical and Computer Sciences (ICMC-USP)São CarlosBrasil
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceFederal University of São Carlos/UFSCarSão CarlosBrasil

Personalised recommendations