Advertisement

A Hierarchy of Unsatisfied Needs: A Subjective Well-Being Study

  • Mariano RojasEmail author
  • Jorge Guardiola
Chapter
  • 461 Downloads
Part of the Social Indicators Research Series book series (SINS, volume 60)

Abstract

This chapter studies the role that unsatisfied needs have in depressing people’s well-being. The chapter studies how the discrepancy between what people have and what they would like to have influences their life satisfaction. Even though it is less ambitious, the research project gets inspiration from Alex Michalos’ Multiple Discrepancy Theory (MDT). Michalos proposes that life satisfaction depends on people’s perceived discrepancies in several dimensions and areas of life. In our case we are dealing with a person’s selection of that unsatisfied need which is considered of the greatest relevance by the person, suggesting that it is in this need where the most important discrepancy takes place.

Keywords

Subjective well-being Needs Hierarchy of needs Mexico 

References

  1. Alkire, S., and J. Foster (2011). Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement. Journal of Public Economics, 95, 476–487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alkire, S. (2002). Dimensions of Human Development. World Development, 30(2), 181–205.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Camfield, L., and M. Guillen-Royo (2010). Wants, Needs, Satisfactions: A Comparative Study in Thailand and Bangladesh. Social Indicators Research, 96(2), 183–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cianci, R., and P.A. Gambrel (2003). Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Does it Apply in a Collectivist Culture?. Journal of Applied Management and Entrepreneurship 8(2), 143–161.Google Scholar
  5. Doyal, L., and I. Gough (1991). A Theory of Human Need, Macmillan.Google Scholar
  6. Ferrer-i-Carbonell, A., and P. Frijters (2004). How Important is Methodology for the Estimates of the Determinants of Happiness? The Economic Journal, 114, 641–659.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Frey, B., and A. Stutzer (2002). Happiness and Economics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fuentes, N., and M. Rojas (2001). Economic Theory and Subjective Well-Being: Mexico. Social Indicators Research, 53, 289–314.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Galtung, J. (2012). Peace Economics: From a Killing to a Living Economy. Transcend University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Gasper, D. (2007). Conceptualizing Human Needs and Human Well-Being. In I. Gough and A McGregor, eds., Wellbeing in Developing Countries: From Theory to Research, 139–165. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Guardiola, J., and T. García-Muñoz (2011). Fulfillment of Basic Needs from a Subjective Point of View in Rural Guatemala. International Journal of Social Welfare, 20(4), 393–403.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Guardiola, J., and M. Guillén-Royo (2014). Income, Unemployment, Higher Education and Wellbeing in Times of Economic Crisis: Evidence from Granada (Spain). Social Indicators Research, in press.Google Scholar
  13. Guillén-Royo, M. (2007). Well-being and Consumption: Towards a Theoretical Approach based on Human Need Satisfaction. In L. Bruni (ed.) Handbook on Happiness in Economics. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  14. Guillen-Royo, M.(2010). Realising the ‘Wellbeing Dividend’. An Exploratory Study using the Human Scale Development Approach. Ecological Economics, 70(2), 384–393.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Guillen-Royo, M. (2012). The Challenge of Transforming Consumption Patterns: A Proposal using the Human Scale Development Approach. In K. Bjørkdahl and B. Nielsen, eds., Development and the Environment, 99–118. Oslo: Akademika.Google Scholar
  16. Guillen Royo, M., and J. Velazco (2006). Exploring the Relationship between Happiness, Objective and Subjective Well-Being: Evidence from Rural Thailand. WeD Working Paper 16. Bath: Wellbeing in developing countries WeD Research Group, University of Bath.Google Scholar
  17. Guillen-Royo, M., J. Velazco, and L. Camfield (2009). Basic Needs and Happiness in Thailand: Exploring the Linkages between Objective and Subjective Wellbeing. In C. Brassard and T. Kusago, eds., Development Paths and Happiness: Alternative Frameworks. Asia.Google Scholar
  18. Guillen-Royo, M., J. Velazco, and L. Camfield (2013). Basic Needs and Wealth as Independent Determinants of Happiness: An Illustration from Thailand. Social Indicators Research, 110(2), 517–536.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Hofstede, G. (1984). The Cultural Relativity of the Quality of Life Concept. Academy of Management Review, 9 (3): 389–398.Google Scholar
  20. JavedBurki, S. and M. UlHaq (1981). Meeting Basic Needs: An Overview. World Development, 9, 167–182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Layard. R. (2005). Happiness, Lessons from a New Science. The Penguin Press, New York.Google Scholar
  22. Lelkes, O. (2006). Knowing What is Good for You: Empirical Analysis of Personal Preferences and the “Objective Good”. Journal of Socio-Economics, 352, 285–307.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Maslow, A. (1943). A Theory of Human Motivation. Psychological Review, 50(July), 370–396.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Maslow, A. (1954). Motivation and Personality. New York: Harper and Row.Google Scholar
  25. Max-Neef, M. (1991). Human-Scale Development. Conception, Application and Further Reflection. New York: The Apex Press.Google Scholar
  26. Michalos, A. (1985). Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT). Social Indicators Research, 16 (4), 347–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Michalos, A. (1986). An Application of Multiple Discrepancies Theory (MDT) to Seniors. Social Indicators Research, 18 (4), 349–373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Nussbaum, M. (2000). Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Rojas, M. (2014), El Estudio Científico de la Felicidad. Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Economica.Google Scholar
  30. Rojas, M. (2015). Poverty and Well-being Deprivation. In W. Glatzer, V. Moller, L. Camfield, and M. Rojas (eds.), Global Handbook of Quality of Life, Springer.Google Scholar
  31. Rojas, M., and J. Guardiola (2012). Satisfaction of Basic Needs and Subjective Well-Being. Paper presented at the XI ISQOLS conference. Venice, 1st of November, 2012.Google Scholar
  32. Stern, N. (1989). The Economics of Development: A Survey. Economic Journal, 99, 597–685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Streeten, P. (1984). Basic Needs: Some Unsettled Questions. World Development, 12(9), 973–997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Streeten, P. and S. JavedBurki (1978) Basic Needs: Some Issues. World Development, 6(3), 411–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Tay, L., and E. Diener (2011). Needs and Subjective Well-Being around the World. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(2), 354–365.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wahba, M., and L. Bridwell (1976). Maslow Reconsidered: A Review of Research on the Need Hierarchy Theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 15(2), 212–240.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.FLACSO- Mexico & UPAEPMéxico D.F.Mexico
  2. 2.Department of Applied EconomicsUniversidad de GranadaGranadaSpain

Personalised recommendations