A GRASP Algorithm for the Vehicle-Reservation Assignment Problem

  • Beatriz Brito Oliveira
  • Maria Antónia CarravillaEmail author
  • José Fernando Oliveira
Part of the Lecture Notes in Economics and Mathematical Systems book series (LNE, volume 682)


Car rental companies face a critical problem related to the empty repositions (or “deadheading trips”) of their vehicles, which comprise a significant and unnecessary financial and environmental impact. Especially when dealing with special types of vehicles whose number of units is small, the company is forced to empty reposition them between rental stations in order to meet reservations requirements concerning available time and location. This paper proposes a GRASP algorithm to generate a global vehicle schedule that maximizes the company’s profit whilst reducing the costs of empty transfers. Using real instances, the value of this approach is established.


Local Search Incumbent Solution Tactical Planning Vehicle Schedule Vehicle Occupation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments that helped to improve the paper.

This work was partially funded under project “Smart Manufacturing and Logistics—NORTE-07-0124-FEDER-000057” by the North Portugal Regional Operational Programme (ON.2—O Novo Norte), under the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF), through the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF), and by national funds, through the Portuguese funding agency, Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beatriz Brito Oliveira
    • 1
  • Maria Antónia Carravilla
    • 1
    Email author
  • José Fernando Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.INESC TEC, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal

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