Advertisement

Personalized Voting: The Intersection of Cloud and Mobility

  • Shaneé DawkinsEmail author
  • Sharon Laskowski
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 9190)

Abstract

Current research and development being conducted by the international Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure Consortium (GPII) is to create technology for cloud-based accessibility. Using this new technology, users of computer systems can create personal profiles that specify how computer applications should be configured to meet their individual needs. National Institute of Standards and Technology researchers have developed a prototype voting support system with enhanced accessibility capabilities based on the cloud-based accessibility work of the GPII, to evaluate the applicability of this new technology in the voting domain. Using this prototype, the Next Generation Voting Platform (NGVP), voters can use a mobile device (e.g. tablet computer) to exchange data with a cloud-based system to download settings in order to configure complex ballot interfaces for marking a blank ballot. The research performed on the NGVP suggests that cloud-based accessibility has the potential to be useful to voters when integrated into mobile ballot-marking systems.

Keywords

Accessibility Cloud-based accessibility Help America vote act HAVA Human factors Voting systems GPII 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research was conducted by NIST, partially via support from NIDRR under Agreement No. ED-OSE-12-J-0003.

References

  1. 1.
    Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure. http://gpii.net/
  2. 2.
    Lewis, C.: Issues in web presentation for cognitive accessibility. In: Proceedings of the 6th international conference on Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction: Design for all and EInclusion - Volume Part I (UAHCI’11), Constantine Stephanidis (Ed.), Vol. Part I. pp. 244–248. Springer, Berlin (2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    Mulfari, D., Celesti, A., Puliafito, A., Villari, M.: How cloud computing can support on-demand assistive services. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Cross-Disciplinary Conference on Web Accessibility (W4A2013). 4 page ACM, New York. Article 27 (2013). http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2461121.2461140
  5. 5.
    Martínez, J.A., Vanderheiden, G., Treviranus, J.: GPII, CLOUD4All: Auto-Personalization for Universal Accessibility. European Commission, FP7 Project 289016 (2012). http://cloud4all.info/pages/news/detail.aspx?id=6&tipo=2. Retrieved from 2014
  6. 6.
    Help America Vote Act of 2002 (HAVA): Pub. L. No. 107–252, 116 Stat. 1666–1730 (2002), codified at 42 U.S.C. §§15301–15545. http://www.fec.gov/hava/law_ext.txt
  7. 7.
    The U.S. Election Assistance Commission http://www.eac.gov
  8. 8.
    Voluntary Voting System Guidelines (VVSG). http://www.eac.gov/testing_and_certification/voluntary_voting_system_guidelines.aspx. Retrieved from 2014
  9. 9.
    European Union 7th Framework Programme for Research and Technological Development. http://cordis.europa.eu/project/rcn/101353_en.html. Retrieved 2014
  10. 10.
    ISO/IEC 24751–2:2008, Information technology – Individualized adaptability and accessibility in e-learning, education and training – Part 2: “Access for all” personal needs and preferences for digital deliveryGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    NISTIR 7770, Security Considerations for Remote Electronic UOCAVA Voting (2011). http://www.nist.gov/itl/vote/upload/NISTIR-7700-feb2011.pdf. Retrieved from 2014
  12. 12.
    Mace, R., Hardie, G., Place, J.: Accessible environments: toward universal design. In: Preiser, W.F.E., Vischer, J., White, E.T. (eds.) Design Intervention: Toward a More Humane Architecture. Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York (1991)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Mell, P.M., Grance, T.: NIST SP - 800–145 – The NIST Definition of Cloud Computing. National Institute of Standards & Technology, Gaithersburg (2011)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Cloud Services Measurement Initiative Consortium: Service Measurement Index. http://csmic.org/. Retrieved from 2014
  15. 15.
    Vanderheiden, G. et al.: Creating A Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (CLOUD4ALL & GPII), AEGIS International Conference, December 2011 Brussels, Belgium. (Retrieved 2013 from http://gpii.net/sites/default/files/2011%20AEGIS-Creating%20a%20Global%20Public%20Inclusive%20Infrastructure-Final.doc)
  16. 16.
    Identity, Credential, & Access Management.: http://www.idmanagement.gov/identity-credential-access-management. Retrieved from 2014
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
    Dawkins, S., Laskowski, S.: Cloud-based Accessibility for Voting Applications. NISTIR 8047 National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyGaithersburgUSA

Personalised recommendations