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Nonlinear Dynamics of Ambient Noise-Driven Graphene Nanostructured Devices for Energy Harvesting

  • A. El AroudiEmail author
  • M. López-Suárez
  • E. Alarcón
  • R. Rurali
  • G. Abadal
Chapter

Abstract

Nonlinearities have been shown to play an important role in increasing the extracted energy of energy harvesting devices at the macro- and micro scales. Vibration-based energy harvesting on the nanoscale has also received attention. In this chapter, we characterize the nonlinear dynamical behavior of a strained nanostructured graphene for its potential use in energy harvesting applications. First, a compressed vibrating membrane graphene sheet free from any external excitation is characterized. A continuous-time dynamical model of the system in the form of a double-well single degree of freedom second-order differential equation is derived. Its equilibrium points are obtained and their stability is studied. Then, random vibrations are considered as the main ambient energy source for the system and its performances in terms of the well occupation zones, RMS value of the position, and the corresponding energy harvested are presented in the steady-state nonequilibrium regime when the noise level is considered as a control parameter. Nonlinear analysis is carried out by computing state space trajectories, probability density and FFT spectra. The ultimate goal of this parameter space exploration based upon a behavioral model is to provide design-oriented guidelines for engineering graphene-based mechanical harvesters. Then, the maximum noise level able to optimally harvest random vibrational energy is discussed. The chapter ends by characterizing the nonlinear dynamical behavior of an array of three coupled strained nanostructured graphene. The array is formed by three compressed vibrating membrane graphene sheet subject to external vibrational noise excitation.

Keywords

Equilibrium Point Compression Ratio Graphene Sheet Noise Intensity Energy Harvester 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by the Spanish ministerio de Economía y Competitividad under grants DPI2013-47437-R and by the RUE CSD2009-00046 (Consolider-Ingenio 2010), FIS2009-12721-C04-03, FIS2012-37549-C05-05, ENE2009-14340-C02-02 and FP7-ICT-P.No.: 270005-ZEROPOWER.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. El Aroudi
    • 1
    Email author
  • M. López-Suárez
    • 2
  • E. Alarcón
    • 3
  • R. Rurali
    • 4
  • G. Abadal
    • 2
  1. 1.University Rovira i VirgiliTarragonaSpain
  2. 2.Universitat Autónoma de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain
  3. 3.Universitat Politècnica de CatalunyaBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Institut de Ciència de Materials de Barcelona (ICMAB-CSIC), Campus de BellaterraBarcelonaSpain

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