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Orbital Motion in Galactic Nuclei

  • David MerrittEmail author
Chapter
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Part of the Lecture Notes in Physics book series (LNP, volume 905)

Abstract

Encounters between stars and stellar remnants at the centers of galaxies drive many important processes. The fact that these encounters take place near a supermassive black hole (SBH) alters the dynamics in a number of ways: (1) The orbital motion is quasi-Keplerian so that correlations are maintained for much longer than in purely random encounters; (2) relativity affects the motion, through mechanisms like precession of the periastron and frame dragging; (3) the SBH spin is affected, directly by capture and indirectly by spin-orbit torques. The interplay between these processes is just now beginning to be understood, but a key result is that relativity can be crucially important even at distances that are thousands of gravitational radii from the SBH.

Keywords

Black Hole Angular Momentum Semimajor Axis Precession Rate Delaunay Variable 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by grant AST 1211602 from the National Science Foundation, and by grant NNX13AG92G from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. I thank Eugene Vasiliev for providing Fig. 5.3, and Adrian Hamers for allowing me to use Fig. 14b in advance of publication.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Physics and AstronomyRochester Institute of TechnologyRochesterUSA

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