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Computer-Aided Development of Thermo-Mechanical Laser Surface Treatments for the Fatigue Life Extension of Bio-Mechanical Components

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Bioinspired Computation in Artificial Systems (IWINAC 2015)

Abstract

Bio-mechanical components (i.e. spinal, knee and hip prostheses) are key elements definitely improving the quality of life of human beings. These components development has been traditionally subject to mechanical and functional designs based primarily on intuitive medical approaches, not always optimized from an engineering point of view, what in turn has been responsible for undesirable cases of mechanical failure implying the need for additional surgical interventions and its associate life risk for aged patients. Laser Shock Processing (LSP) uses the high peak power of short pulse lasers to generate an intense shock wave into the material finally leading to the generation of a compressive residual stresses field definitely protecting the component against crack initiation and propagation, thus improving its mechanical response and in-service fatigue life. Developments in the field of the predictive assessment of LSP are presented along with practical examples of the design-motivated improvements in prostheses achievable by LSP.

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Correspondence to José-Luis Ocaña .

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Ocaña, JL., García-Beltrán, Á., Correa, C., Porro, JA., Ruiz-de-Lara, L., Díaz, M. (2015). Computer-Aided Development of Thermo-Mechanical Laser Surface Treatments for the Fatigue Life Extension of Bio-Mechanical Components. In: Ferrández Vicente, J., Álvarez-Sánchez, J., de la Paz López, F., Toledo-Moreo, F., Adeli, H. (eds) Bioinspired Computation in Artificial Systems. IWINAC 2015. Lecture Notes in Computer Science(), vol 9108. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-18833-1_45

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-18833-1_45

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-18832-4

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-18833-1

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