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Mineralogical Composition of Pegmatites and Aplites in the NE Bavarian Basement

  • Harald G. Dill
Chapter
Part of the Modern Approaches in Solid Earth Sciences book series (MASE, volume 15)

Abstract

The mineralogy of the pegmatites and aplites along the western edge of the Bohemian Massif cannot be sidelined. More than 250 minerals known from the most prominent members of these pegmatites and 272 species have been dealt with in this chapter. The minerals are treated irrespective of their siting within the Dana- or Strunz crystallographic systems and were grouped and discussed in accordance with the genetic evolution of the HPPP: Feldspar group, silica group, garnet s.s.s., aluminum silicates and corundum, zircon, phyllosilicates, niobium-, tantalum, tungsten and tin oxides, titanium minerals, molybdenite, carbon, calcium phosphates and calcium carbonates, aluminum phosphates with magnesium, iron, calcium and manganese, iron phosphates with magnesium, potassium and sodium, iron-manganese phosphates with magnesium, calcium, strontium, barium, potassium and sodium, manganese phosphates with calcium, manganese and iron oxides, sulfides and carbonates, arsenic minerals, bismuth minerals, copper minerals, halides, lithium minerals, rare earth element minerals, scandium minerals, beryllium minerals, boron silicates, uranium minerals, barium, lead, silver and antimony minerals, zinc minerals. The minerals were discussed as to their role as marker minerals or mineral associations to constrain the physical-chemical regime. They are used to unravel the pathway of their major elements from the source to the depocenter. Last but not least they play a vital role for mineralogical correlation and for the establishment of a minerostratigraphy within the HPPP and also across its boundaries. Some mineral groups play an outstanding role as to discrimination of the metamorphic and magmatic influence on the pegmatite evolution (columbite-tantalite s.s.s, zircon morphology). They can be applied for the depth zonation during the initial phases of the pegmatite’s emplacement (phosphate vs. garnet) and during the alteration (Fe phosphate). K-Mn oxides and uranyl phosphates are key minerals for the chronological dating of the supergene alteration of the pegmatites. One phyllosilicate has been paid too little attention to during the recent past. Kaolinite group minerals bridge the gap between hydrothermal and supergene alteration. A diagnostic group is the “nigrine” mineral association which has derived from different parts of the roof rocks of the pegmatites and which can be found today in the stream sediments of the drainage systems intersecting the HPPP pegmatites.

Keywords

Aplite Physical-chemical Regime Nigrini Supergene Alteration Uranyl Phosphate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Harald G. Dill
    • 1
  1. 1.Gottfried-Wilhelm-Leibniz UniversityHannoverGermany

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