Application of Complexity Theory as Recipe for the Chaotic Nigerian Educational System: Exploration in the Context of Sustainability

  • Nura S. AkiluEmail author
  • Mohammed Musa W. Kirfi
  • Muhammad Musa
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)


Education is seen as a means of effective change, in the social and cultural context, but as a system, it has fallen short of this requirement in Nigeria. The current educational system which enacts vocational and socializing roles or functions has led to greater emphasis on paper qualification and has made the system, highly dysfunctional. This paper, drawing its methodological strength mainly from review of relevant literature, submits that Instead of strengthening the ideal of its intrinsic value, worthy of its transformative essence, the system has cultivated instrumental values that further eroded its true purpose towards nation building. This indeed is indicative of chronic and acute problems that signify system failure and it truly calls for corrective thinking and action. The paper thus, tries to explore the situation, from the systems theory perspective, by conceptualizing the Nigerian education system as a Complex Adaptive System (CAS) by virtue of its complexity as a human and social system. It also envisages the possibility of adopting the complexity theory as an approach, in order to bring about conditions necessary for the much needed educational sustainability in Nigeria.


Complexity Chaos Education system Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nura S. Akilu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mohammed Musa W. Kirfi
    • 2
  • Muhammad Musa
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Business AdministrationUsumanu Danfodiyo University SokotoSokotoNigeria
  2. 2.Department of Accounting and Business AdministrationFederal UniversityKashereNigeria
  3. 3.Faculty of EducationIslamic UniversityMbaleUganda

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