Understanding Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Turkey with Plasma as a Metaphor of the Fourth State of Matter

  • Şefika Şule ErçetinEmail author
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Complexity book series (SPCOM)


This study is only concerned with and limited to “Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s leadership and Turkey” as one of the unlimited topics discussed in an international context and Turkey regarding Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and Turkey itself. There is need to emphasize the fact that it is not easy at all to understand and explain Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s leadership and Turkey. Why would you say so, because trying to understand and explain “Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s leadership and Turkey” with ordinary concepts, approaches, and preconceptions, is not only difficult to correct but may be impossible and indeed a complex and an unusual case of perception altogether. This makes us seek a different, peculiar, original conception, and approach. Thus, because of the close relationship between leadership and some properties of the fourth state of matter, I have adopted plasma as a metaphor to explore Recep Tayyip Erdoğan’s leadership; and I have endeavored to negotiate such a jig-saw within a limited context.


Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Leadership Turkey Plasma Energy Interaction Plasma leadership 


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.International Science Association (ISCASS)AnkaraTurkey
  2. 2.Faculty of EducationHacettepe UniversityAnkaraTurkey

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