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Assessing Diabetes Health Literacy, Knowledge and Empowerment in Northern Portugal

  • Carminda S. Morais
  • Rui E. Pimenta
  • Pedro Lopes Ferreira
  • José M. Boavida
  • José P. Amorim
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 354)

Abstract

We evaluated the disease management, knowledge and quality of life (QoL) of people with type 2 diabetes, followed in the ambulatory of a Hospital in the North of Portugal. A questionnaire of socio-demographic and clinical characterization, and Portuguese versions of the DES-SF, DKT and EQ-5D were administered to a random sample of 260 individuals. The results showed that people in general feel able of self-management, with a mean±SD score of 3.7±0.7. DKT registered 63.4±12.3% of correct answers among diabetes non-insulin-treated individuals and 65.7±12.4% among the insulin-treated (p<0.001). The QoL, evaluated through EQ-5D index, presented a mean value of 0.65±0.3.

We evidenced a significant positive correlation between the ability to control, the knowledge and the QoL. The conclusions obtained may help promote QoL and literacy enhancement, as well as the empowerment of individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Keywords

Empowerment knowledge quality of life individuals with type 2 diabetes 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carminda S. Morais
    • 1
    • 2
  • Rui E. Pimenta
    • 1
    • 3
  • Pedro Lopes Ferreira
    • 1
    • 4
  • José M. Boavida
    • 5
  • José P. Amorim
    • 6
  1. 1.CEISUC - Centro de Estudos e Investigação em Saúde da Universidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  2. 2.ESS/IPVC - Escola Superior de Saúde do Instituto Politécnico de Viana do CasteloViana do CasteloPortugal
  3. 3.ESTSP/IPP - Escola Superior de Tecnologia da Saúde do PortoVila Nova de GaiaPortugal
  4. 4.FEUC – Faculdade de Economia da Universidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal
  5. 5.DGS – Direção Geral da SaúdeLisboaPortugal
  6. 6.APNOR – Mestrado de Gestão das Organizações – Ramo de Gestão de Unidades de SaúdeEscola Superior de Saúde do Instituto Politécnico de Viana do CasteloViana do CasteloPortugal

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