Advertisement

Numerical Technologies for Vulnerable Road User Safety Enhancement

  • Mariusz PtakEmail author
  • Krystian Konarzewski
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 354)

Abstract

The progress in pedestrian and cyclist safety enhancement is the result of multi-stage work, which bases mainly on the appropriate traffic organization and road engineering. However, the full separation of vehicle traffic and pedestrians/cyclists seems to be unmanageable nowadays. Thus, the paper presents a dual approach for vulnerable road user safety enhancement by the use of state-of-the-art numerical technologies. Firstly, the detection technologies are presented which observe the vehicles environment in order to detect, track and classify the surrounding objects, providing data for active safety systems and as well as vehicle’s driver. Their system architectures also create communication interface between a human and automobile via the accident-avoidance technology and pre-crash sensing. Secondly, when the collision is unavoidable, the passive safety structures and systems are in operation aimed at pedestrian/cyclist injuries mitigation. Hence, the authors carried out passive safety virtual simulations to evaluate the response of the human body after a vehicle impact.

Keywords

pedestrian and cyclist safety detection technologies passive and active safety Finite Element Method numerical simulations Autonomous Emergency Braking 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Simms, C., Wood, D., Fredriksson, R.: Pedestrian Injury Biomechanics and Protection. Accid. Inj. (2015)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ptak, M., Rusiński, E., Karliński, J., Dragan, S.: Evaluation of kinematics of SUV to pedestrian impact—Lower leg impactor and dummy approach. Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng. 12, 68–73 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Podvezko, V., Sivilevičius, H.: The use of AHP and rank correlation methods for determining the significance of the interaction between the elements of a transport system having a strong influence on traffic safety. Transport 28, 389–403 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaczyński, P., Bartczak, B.: The influence of orientation of segmented die on clinch joints mechanical properties. J. Mach. Eng. 14, 126–136 (2014)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Ptak, M., Karliński, J.: Pedestrian passive safety during the SUV impact: regulations vs. reality. In: 2012 IRCOBI Conf. Dublin, Irel., pp. 103–113 (2012)Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Żółkiewski, S.: Testing composite materials connected in bolt joints. J. Vibroengineering 13, 817–822 (2011)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Zalewski, R., Szmidt, T.: Application of Special Granular Structures for semi-active damping of lateral beam vibrations. Eng. Struct. 65, 13–20 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Chybowski, L., Idziaszczyk, D., Wiśnicki, B.: A Comparative Components Importance analysis of a Complex Technical System with the Use of Different Importance Measures. Syst. Support. Prod. Eng. Rev. Probl. Solut., 22–33 (2014)Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fernandes, F.A.O., Pascoal, R.J.S., Alves de Sousa, R.J.: Modelling impact response of agglomerated cork. Mater. Des. 58, 499–507 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fisher, A., Hall, R.: The influence of car frontal design on pedestrian accident trauma. Accid. Anal. Prev. 4, 47–58 (1971)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Tons, M., Doerfler, R.: Radar sensors and sensor platform used for pedestrian protection in the EC-funded project SAVE-U. In: Intell. Veh. Symp., pp. 813–818 (2004)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ibeo Automotive Systems: Operating Manual IBEO LUX 2010 (2014)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Ibeo Automotive Systems: Ethernet data protocol Ibeo LUX and Ibeo LUX systems (2013)Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Gavrila, D.M., Munder, S.: Multi-cue Pedestrian Detection and Tracking from a Moving Vehicle. Int. J. Comput. Vis. 73, 41–59 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Garate, V.R., Bours, R., Kietlinski, K.: Numerical modeling of ADA system for vulnerable road users protection based on radar and vision sensing. In: 2012 IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium, pp. 1150–1155. IEEE (2012)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Eichelberger, A.H., McCartt, A.T.: Volvo drivers’ experiences with advanced crash avoidance and related technologies. Traffic Inj. Prev. 15, 187–195 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Rusiński, E., Koziołek, S., Jamroziak, K.: Critical to Quality Factors of Engineering Design Process of Armoured Vehicles. Solid State Phenom, 280–284 (2010)Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Czmochowski, J., Moczko, P., Odyjas, P., Pietrusiak, D.: Tests of rotary machines vibrations in steady and unsteady states on the basis of large diameter centrifugal fans. Eksploat. i Niezawodn 16, 211–216 (2014)Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Baranowski, P., Damaziak, K., Malachowski, J., Mazurkiewicz, L., Muszyński, A.: A child seat numerical model validation in the static and dynamic work conditions. Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng. (2014)Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Krzystała, E., Mężyk, A., Kciuk, S.: Minimisation of the explosion shock wave load onto the occupants inside the vehicle during trinitrotoluene charge blast. Int. J. Inj. Contr. Saf. Promot. 1–9 (2014)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Karliński, J., Ptak, M., Działak, P., Rusiński, E.: Strength analysis of bus superstructure according to Regulation No. 66 of UN/ECE. Arch. Civ. Mech. Eng. 14, 342–353 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Żołkiewski, S.: Vibrations of beams with a variable cross-section fixed on rotational rigid disks. Lat. Am. J. Solids Struct. 10, 39–57 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Stamboliska, Z., Rusiński, E., Moczko, P.: Proactive Condition Monitoring of Low-Speed Machines. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Altair Engineering: Practical Aspects of Finite Element Simulation. Altair Univ (2014)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Machine Design and ResearchWroclaw University of TechnologyWroclawPoland
  2. 2.SEARCH S.C. – Safety Engineering ResearchWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations