Land–Ocean Interactions Between the Changjiang (Yangtze River) Watersheds to the East China Sea Continental Margin

  • Jing ZhangEmail author
Part of the Estuaries of the World book series (EOTW)


Energy and material fluxes from watersheds converge in coastal zones and at open ocean boundaries, and climate variability, biogeochemical processes, and anthropogenic perturbations in the coastal zone have strong feedbacks with other components of Earth’s physical and social systems. Land–ocean interactions, forced by dynamic processes and natural and human activities, are concentrated in the zone between upstream watersheds, in this study the Changjiang (Yangtze River) Estuary, and the open boundary of the East China Sea. Studies of land–ocean interfaces in this region (e.g., Changjiang Estuary) have been carried out since the 1940s, and the knowledge based on previous research forms an important foundation for an integrated discussion of the hydrography, geochemistry, geography, ecology, and biology of the system. The sustainable development of coastal ecosystems depends on how well we understand the function and response of these systems under combined natural and human forcings, and adaptation and management policies depend on the understandings of the way that land–ocean interactions respond to these external forcings.


Changjiang Watersheds Estuary East China Sea Multi-disciplinary studies 



This monograph was developed within the framework of the Natural Science Foundation of China through the “Land–Sea Interactions in Highly Turbid Estuaries and Adjacent Coastal Environments” Project (Nos. 40721004 and 41021064). Observations in the East China Sea and data interpretation were also supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (Nos. 2006CB400601 and 2011CB409801) as well as the Ministry of Education (No. ITR0427) and the Municipality of Shanghai through its Committee of Science and Technology (No. 088014192). On behalf of the authors of this collective work, I would like to take this opportunity to express our gratitude to colleagues and students for their continuous support in field campaigns and cruises, sample analysis, and simulation experiments since the 1990s.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal ResearchEast China Normal UniversityPutuoChina

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