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Injury Simulation of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Using Isogeometric Analysis

  • J. P. S. Ferreira
  • M. P. L. Parente
  • R. M. Natal Jorge
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics book series (LNCVB, volume 21)

Abstract

Many active sportsmen trend to get injured in knee ligaments. For that reason, singular researches on the deformations limits of Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) which ensure the stability of knee have been made. Understanding in detail the running of the knee plays an important role in the design of orthotics and prosthetics, and may also modify surgical protocols. As a consequence, the injury risk will be minimized with the right knowledge of the knee functioning. The Isogeometric Analysis has the potential to facilitate the study of the most of biomechanical models, which are usually geometrically complex. In this work, we present the deformation of ACL at an injury position using the isogeometric approach (IGA), suggested by Cottrell (Isogeometric analysis toward integration of CAD and FEA. Wiley, Hoboken, 2009) and Hughes et al. (Comput Methods Appl Mech Eng 194:4135–4195, 2005). Also is emphasized the potential of IGA formulations in future of the Biomechanics.

Keywords

Anterior cruciate ligament ACL Knee Isogeometric analysis 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors truly acknowledge the funding provided by Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (Portugal), under grant SFRH/BPD/75072/2010, and by FEDER/FSE, under grant PTDC/EMETME/098050/2008.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. S. Ferreira
    • 1
  • M. P. L. Parente
    • 1
  • R. M. Natal Jorge
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Engenharia Mecânica (IDMEC)Faculdade de Engenharia da Universidade do PortoPortoPortugal

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