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Pelvic Floor Muscles Behavior in Practitioners of High and Low Impact Sports

  • Thuane Da Roza
  • Sofia Brandão
  • Teresa Mascarenhas
  • José Alberto Duarte
  • R. M. Natal Jorge
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics book series (LNCVB, volume 21)

Abstract

Physical activity has been promoted to all ages due to the benefits to health and as a tool to compensate for a sedentary lifestyle. Since the pelvic floor muscles have the function of keeping the sphincter functions and it were localized as a “floor” for the abdominal viscera. Maintain this muscles “healthy” is the great importance. It is known that some exercises can promote damage on the pelvic floor muscles. The impact of exercise on urinary incontinence has been previously considered, but not in a biomechanical perspective. Strengthening exercises performed through pelvic floor muscles contractions are the basis of physiotherapy treatment. The aim of this study was to verify whether practitioners of high-impact sports have differences in morphology and behavior of pelvic floor muscles when compared with low-impact activities practitioners. The results showed thickness differences at the level of midvagina between the swimmer and the trampolinist women. Additionally, differences in pubovisceral muscle behavior during maneuvers that increase intra-abdominal pressure were found. Further studies are required in this field to understand the impact of female training, and in what way its biomechanics related to urinary incontinence symptoms.

Keywords

Pelvic floor muscles Physical activity Stress urinary incontinence Intra-abdominal pressure 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The fist author gratefully acknowledge to the funding by CNPq-from Brazil government and the project Pest-OE/EME/LA0022/2013 and also to the project “Biomechanics: contributions to the healthcare”, reference NORTE-07-0124-FEDER-000035 co-financed by Programa Operacional Regional do Norte (ON.2—O Novo Norte), through the Fundo Europeu de Desenvolvimento Regional (FEDER).

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thuane Da Roza
    • 1
    • 4
  • Sofia Brandão
    • 2
  • Teresa Mascarenhas
    • 3
  • José Alberto Duarte
    • 4
  • R. M. Natal Jorge
    • 1
  1. 1.INEGI-Polo FEUP, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.Department of Radiology, Centro Hospitalar de São João—EPEPortoPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Centro Hospitalar de São João, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of PortoPortoPortugal
  4. 4.CIAFEL-Faculty of SportUniversity of Porto, Research Centre in Physical Activity, Health and LeisurePortoPortugal

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