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Single Electron Tunneling

Chapter
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Abstract

We begin this chapter with a brief presentation of the theory of single electron tunneling (SET) through a potential barrier. The conditions necessary for the observation and registration of this effect include a low temperature of a few kelvins and a small-sized sample. Low temperature will reduce the thermal energy that could interfere with the tunneling process. A small size of the tunneling junction is necessary to ensure its low electric capacitance. Further in this chapter we describe the basic electronic systems using SET: the SETT transistor, the electron pump, and the turnstile device. We discuss the attempts to construct a direct-current standard with SET junctions and explain why the results are unsatisfactory. We also describe two SET systems of more practical importance: the electron-counting capacitance standard (ECCS) and the Coulomb blockade thermometer (CBT).

Keywords

Tunnel Junction Dynamic Resistance Coulomb Blockade Single Electron Tunneling Capacitance Standard 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Electronics and TelecommunicationsPoznan University of TechnologyPoznanPoland

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