Transformation in Time: Time as a Framework
Processes of social change have their own dynamics and can only be influenced to a limited extent. As they are also social learning processes, they are dependent on the inherent times and speed specific to each agent. The phases of change can often only be identified and interpreted ex post. In addition, change processes are also complex—interdependent, overlapping and nonlinear. The dynamics of the phases and changes are also very different at different levels—individuals, groups, institutions, companies and other subgroups. This can lead to frictions and tensions, but also to fruitful impulses. According to Soper (2006), needs are a time-bound variable and should always be classified in their historical context. Changing needs can trigger individual and institutional changes. The latter are always embedded in larger social and historical transformation processes and their social and cultural realities, but they also provide an important impetus for change at the macro level.