Partially-Averaged Navier-Stokes (PANS) Simulations of Lid-Driven Cavity Flow—Part 1: Comparison with URANS and LES

  • Bhanesh Akula
  • Pratanu Roy
  • Pooyan Razi
  • Steven Anderson
  • Sharath GirimajiEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Notes on Numerical Fluid Mechanics and Multidisciplinary Design book series (NNFM, volume 130)


Multiple-resolution simulations of lid-driven cavity flows at Reynolds number of 10,000 are performed at two cavity aspect ratios (SAR) of 3:1:1 and 1:1:1. The objective is to assess the LES (Large eddy simulations), URANS (unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes) and PANS (partially-averaged Navier-Stokes) results against available experimental data. All of the approaches reasonably capture the mean flow velocity field for this low Reynolds number case. It is also shown that the second moments are rather small. Therefore, turbulence, while present, does not profoundly affect the mean flow statistics. It is shown that much of the flow unsteadiness is due to large scale structures that are reasonably resolved even in the URANS computation. It is expected that the distinction between the computations of different degrees of fidelity will be evident only at much higher Reynolds numbers.


Turbulent Kinetic Energy Smagorinsky Model Turbulent Shear Stress Shear Stress Profile Total Turbulent Kinetic Energy 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



The authors would like to thank Kyle Knox for his assistance in the initial phase of this project. The Texas A&M Supercomputing Facility ( is gratefully acknowledged for providing computing resources useful in conducting the research reported in this paper. The work was supported by NASA NRA #NNXA161A.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bhanesh Akula
    • 1
  • Pratanu Roy
    • 1
  • Pooyan Razi
    • 1
  • Steven Anderson
    • 1
  • Sharath Girimaji
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Texas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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