A Cultural Perspective on Entrepreneurship and Regional Development: The Case of the Bages (Catalonia)

  • Daniela GimenezEmail author
  • Marta Peris-Ortiz
  • David Urbano


The purpose of this chapter is to analyze, from a qualitative approach, the relationship between institutions, entrepreneurship and local development in the region of the Bages (Catalonia). The main findings suggest in the light of institutional economics that entrepreneurship in this region is greatly influenced by informal institutions (culture, social networks and role models). Also, the results highlight the influence of entrepreneurship on the regional development (jobs generation, economic growth and innovation). The research has conceptual implications (advancing in the application of institutional perspective in the field of entrepreneurship) and practical implications (for the design of governmental policies towards regional development).


Regional Development Entrepreneurial Activity Support Organization Formal Institution Entrepreneurial Intention 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



 The authors acknowledge the financial support from the projects ECO2013-44027-P (Spanish Ministry of Economy & Competitiveness), ECO/2663/2013 (Economy & Knowledge Department, Catalan Government) and PAID-06-12 (Sp 20120792) from Universitat Politècnica de València. Also, the authors recognize the support by Marc Bernadich as a coordinator of the fieldwork research (April–June 2012) in the Bages (Catalonia) and the involvement of the PhD students in the course “SMEs in Economic and Regional Development” (2011–2012 academic year) (International Doctorate in Entrepreneurship and Management (IDEM), Autonomous University of Barcelona).


  1. Aidis, R., Estrin, S., & Mickiewicz, T. (2008). Institutions and entrepreneurship development in Russia: A comparative perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 23(6), 656–672.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Alvarez, C., & Urbano, D. (2011). Una década de investigación basada en el GEM: Logros y retos. Academia Revista Latinoamericana de Administración, 46, 16–37.Google Scholar
  3. Alvarez, C., Urbano, D., Corduras, A., & Navarro, J. (2011). Environmental conditions and entrepreneurial activity: A regional comparison in Spain. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 18(1), 120–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Anderson, J. (1980). Cognitive psychology and its implications (3rd ed.). New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  5. Anderson, A. R., & Jack, S. L. (2002). The articulation of social capital in entrepreneurial networks: a glue or a lubricant?. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 14(3), 193–210.Google Scholar
  6. Audrertsch, D., & Fritsch, M. (2002). Growth regimes over times and space. Regional Studies, 36, 113–124.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bandura, A. (1986). The social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice.Google Scholar
  8. Baumol, W. (1993). Entrepreneurship, management and the structure of payoffs. London: The MIT.Google Scholar
  9. Benneworth, P. (2004). In what sense ‘regional development?’ Entrepreneurship, underdevelopment and strong tradition in the periphery. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 16, 439–458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Brass, D. (1992). Power in organizations: A social network perspective. In G. Moore & J. A. White (Eds.), Research in political sociology (pp. 295–323). Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.Google Scholar
  11. Bruton, G., Ahlstrom, D., & Li, H. (2010). Institutional theory and entrepreneurship: Where are we now and where do we need to move in the future? Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 34(3), 421–440.Google Scholar
  12. Burt, R. (1992). Structural holes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Busenitz, L., Gómez, C., & Spencer, J. (2000). Country institutional profiles: Unlocking entrepreneurial phenomena. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 994–1003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Carree, M., Van Stel, A., & Thurik, R. (2002). Economic development and business ownership: An analysis using data of 23 OECD countries in the period 1976–1996. Small Business Economics, 19(3), 271–290.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Carsrud, A., Olm, K., & Eddy, G. (1987). Entrepreneurs mentors, networks, and successful new venture development: An exploratory study. American Journal of Small Business, 12, 13–18.Google Scholar
  16. Castrogiovanni, G. J., Urbano, D., & Loras, J. (2011). Linking corporate entrepreneurship and human resource management in SMEs. International Journal of Manpower, 32(1), 34–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Chia, R. (1996). Teaching paradigm shifting in management education: University business schools and the entrepreneurial imagination. Journal of Management Studies, 33(4), 409–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Chrisman, J., Hoy, F., & Robinson, R. (1987). New venture development: The costs and benefits of public sector assistance. Journal of Business Venturing, 2, 315–328.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Coleman, S. (2007). The role of human and financial capital in the profitability and growth of women-owned small firms. Journal of Small Business Management, 45(3), 303–319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Davidsson, P., Lindmark, L., & Olofsson, C. (1994). New firm formation and regional-development in Sweden. Regional Studies, 28(4), 395–410.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Eisenhardt, K. (1989). Making fast strategic decisions in high-velocity environments. Academy of Management Journal, 32(2l), 543–576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fairlie, R., & Robb, A. (2009). Gender differences in business performance: Evidence from the characteristics of business owners survey. Small Business Economics, 33, 375–395.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Fornahl, D. (2003). Entrepreneurial activities in a regional context. In D. Fornalh & T. Brenner (Eds.), Cooperation, networks and institutions in regional innovations systems (pp. 38–57). Cheltenham, England: Edward Elgar.Google Scholar
  24. Fritsch, M. (2008). How does new business formation affect regional development? Introduction to the special issue. Small Business Economics, 30, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Fritsch, M., & Mueller, P. (2004). Effects of new business formation on regional development over time. Regional Studies, 38, 961–973.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gibson, D. (2004). Role-models in career development: New directions for theory and research. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 65, 134–156.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Grilo, I., & Irigoyen, J. (2006). Entrepreneurship in the EU: To wish and not be. Small Business Economics, 26(4), 305–318.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Guerrero, M., & Urbano, D. (2012). The development of an entrepreneurial university. Journal of Technology Transfer, 37(1), 43–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Hayton, J., George, G., & Zahra, S. (2002). National culture and entrepreneurship: A review. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 26(4), 33–52.Google Scholar
  30. Kirby, D. (2004). Entrepreneurship education: Can business schools meet the challenge? Education and Training, 48(8/9), 510–519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Krueger, N. (1993). Impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure on perceptions of new venture feasibility and desirability. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 18(1), 5–21.Google Scholar
  32. Krueger, N., Reilly, M., & Casrud, A. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Business Venturing, 15(5/6), 411–432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Lafuente, E., Vaillant, Y., & Rialp, J. (2008). Regional differences in the influence of role models: Comparing the entrepreneurial process of rural Catalonia. Regional Studies, 41(6), 779–796.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Lerner, M., & Haber, S. (2001). Performance factors of small tourism ventures: The interface of tourism, entrepreneurship and the environment. Journal of Business Venturing, 16(1), 77–100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. North, D. C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. North, D. C. (2005). Understanding the process of economic change. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  37. North, D., Smallbone, D., & Vickers, I. (2001). Public support policy for innovative SMEs. Small Business Economics, 16(2), 303–317.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. O’Farell, P. (1986). The nature of new firms in Ireland: Empirical evidence and policy implications. In I. D. Wever (Ed.), New firms and regional development in Europe (pp. 151–183). London: Croom Helm.Google Scholar
  39. Rae, D. (1997). Teaching entrepreneurship in Asia: Impact of a pedagogical innovation. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Change, 6(3), 193–227.Google Scholar
  40. Sarder, J., Ghosh, D., & Rosa, P. (1997). The importance of support services to small enterprise in Bangladesh. Journal of Small Business Management, 35, 26–56.Google Scholar
  41. Scott, W. (2008). Institutions and organizations (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.Google Scholar
  42. Scott, M., & Twomey, D. (1988). The long-term supply of entrepreneurs: Students’ career aspirations in relation to entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Management, 26, 5–13.Google Scholar
  43. Shapero, A., & Sokol, L. (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship. In C. A. Kent, D. L. Sexton, & K. H. Vesper (Eds.), Encyclopedia of entrepreneurship (pp. 72–90). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  44. Simonton, D. (1975). Sociocultural context of individual creativity: A transhistorical time-series analysis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 32(6), 1119–1133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Thornton, P., Ribeiro-Soriano, D., & Urbano, D. (2011). Socio-cultural factors and entrepreneurial activity: An overview. International Small Business Journal, 29(2), 105–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Urbano, D. (2006). New business creation in Catalonia: Support measures and attitudes towards entrepreneurship. Singapore: CIDEM, Generalitat de Catalunya.Google Scholar
  47. Urbano, D., Toledano, N., & Ribeiro Soriano, D. (2011). Socio-cultural factors and transnational entrepreneurship: A multiple case study in Spain. International Small Business Journal, 29(2), 119–134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Urbano, D., Toledano, N., & Soriano, D. (2010). Analyzing social entrepreneurship from an institutional perspective: Evidence from Spain. Journal of Social Entrepreneurship, 1(1), 54–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Van Auken, H., Fry, F., & Stephens, P. (2006). The influence of role models on entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 11(2), 157–167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Van Stel, A., & Kashifa, S. (2008). The impact of new firm formation on regional development in the Netherlands. Small Business Economics, 30, 31–47.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Veciana, J. M., & Urbano, D. (2008). The institutional approach to entrepreneurship research. Introduction. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 4, 365–379.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Verheul, I., Van Stel, A., & Thurik, R. (2006). Explaining female and male entrepreneurship at the country level. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 18(2), 151–183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Welter, F., & Smallbone, D. (2011). Institutional perspectives on entrepreneurial behavior in challenging environments. Journal of Small Business Management, 49(1), 107–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Wennekers, S., & Thurik, R. (1999). Linking entrepreneurship and economic growth. Small Business Economics, 19(3), 271–290.Google Scholar
  55. Williamson, O. (2000). The new institutional economics: Taking stock, looking. Journal of Economic Literature, 38(3), 595–613.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Wilson, F., Kickul, J., & Marlino, D. (2007). Gender, entrepreneurial self-efficacy, and entrepreneurial career intentions: Implications for entrepreneurship education. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 387–406.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Yin, R. (1994). Case study research: Design and methods (2nd ed.). Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publishing.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniela Gimenez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Marta Peris-Ortiz
    • 2
  • David Urbano
    • 3
  1. 1.Business AdministrationUniversity of Witten/HerdeckeWittenGermany
  2. 2.Business AdministrationUniversitat Politècnica de ValènciaValenciaSpain
  3. 3.Department of BusinessAutonomous University of BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

Personalised recommendations