The Case for International Forest Regulation: The Benefits and Challenges of the Multifunctional Concept of Forests

  • Anja Eikermann


Forests, just like the oceans and mountains, have always shaped the face of the earth. On a global scale, forest ecosystems are highly diverse, each highly able to adapt to the geographical conditions surrounding them. Forests can be classified according to a variety of criteria. They vary with regard to the biomes they exist in, ranging from boreal to temperate, tropical to subtropical forests, and with a number of sub-categories in between. They vary with regard to physiognomy, distinguishing for example between old growth forests and second growth forests, or with regard to leaf-longevity, such as evergreen or deciduous, or furthermore with respect to the dominant tree species.


Ecosystem Service Forest Ecosystem Forest Cover Agriculture Organization Boreal Forest 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anja Eikermann
    • 1
  1. 1.Faculty of LawGeorg-August-University GöttingenGöttingenGermany

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