Structure and Properties of Biomaterials

  • Sulistioso Giat SukaryoEmail author
  • Agung Purnama
  • Hendra HermawanEmail author
Part of the Advanced Structured Materials book series (STRUCTMAT, volume 58)


Biomaterials are materials from which medical devices are made. Based on their chemical composition, they can be polymers, metals, ceramics or composites. Metals are still the most used biomaterials mostly due to their superior mechanical properties and can be found in orthopedic, cardiovascular and dental implants. However, many type of implants can only work properly when polymers or ceramics are also used in pair with metals such as in total knee or hip arthroplasties. Nowadays, biomaterials are no longer seen as inert substances supporting or replacing dysfunctional tissues or organs. They are now required to promote the healing process and self-disintegrate once the process is completed. All the efforts in searching ideal biomaterials are paid to improve the wellness and health of human beings. This chapter is intended to give a brief introduction to the structure and property of biomaterials.


Biomaterials Ceramic Metal Polymer Property Structure 



We acknowledge the financial supports from Indonesian Ministry of Research, Technology and Higher Education (SGS), CHU de Québec Research Center (HH), and Natural Science and Engineering Research Council (AP).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Nuclear Energy Agency of IndonesiaTangerang SelatanIndonesia
  2. 2.Laval UniversityQuebec CityCanada

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