Self-assembly of Colloidal Cubes Induced by Sedimentation

  • Janne-Mieke MeijerEmail author
Part of the Springer Theses book series (Springer Theses)


In this chapter the sedimentation of hollow silica cubes into dense packings is investigated. The effect of the Debye screening length on the close-packed structures as well as on sedimentation behavior is studied. The sediment structures are characterized in detail using small angle X-ray scattering. Remarkably, despite their rapid sedimentation the cubes order into a dense structure with both translational and orientational ordering. The structure consists of layers of cubes aligned against the capillary walls. The layers possess rhombic intra-layer ordering described by the Λ1-lattice as predicted for 2D rounded cube structures and are stacked with an ABA type stacking.


Bragg Peak Single Crystal Structure Face Centered Cubic Rounded Corner Hollow Silica 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.



Antara Pal is thanked for useful discussions and contributions to the data analysis. The Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO) is acknowledged for the provided beam-time. Anke Leferink op Reinink and Joost Wolters are thanked for their assistance during the SAXS measurements. The whole DUBBLE team and especially Guiseppe Portale and Daniel Hermida Merino are thanked for their excellent support during the SAXS measurements.


  1. 1.
    Y. Jiao, F.H. Stillinger, S. Torquato, Phys. Rev. E 79, 041309 (2009)MathSciNetADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R.D. Batten, F.H. Stillinger, S. Torquato, Phys. Rev. E 81, 1–13 (2010)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    R. Ni, A.P. Gantapara, J. de Graaf, R. van Roij, M. Dijkstra, Soft Matter 8, 12135 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. Rossi, S. Sacanna, W.T.M. Irvine, P.M. Chaikin, D.J. Pine, A.P. Philipse, Soft Matter 7, 4139 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. Rossi, Colloidal Superballs, Ph.D. Thesis, Utrecht University, 2012Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P.N. Pusey, W. van Megen, Nature 320, 340–342 (1986)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    C.G. De Kruif, P.W. Rouw, J.W. Jansen, A. Vrij, J. Physique 46, 295–308 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    D.M.E. Thies-Weesie, Sedimentation and Liquid Permeation of Inorganic Colloids, Ph.D. Thesis, Utrecht University, 1995Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    E. Homan, M. Konijnenburg, C. Ferrero, R. Ghosh, I. Dolbnya, W. Bras, J. Appl. Cryst. 34, 519–522 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    A. Petukhov, J. Thijssen, D. t Hart, A. Imhof, A. van Blaaderen, I. Dolbnya, A. Snigirev, A. Moussaid, I. Snigireva, J. Appl. Cryst. 39, 137–144 (2006)Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    J.H.J. Thijssen, A.V. Petukhov, D.C.‘t Hart, A. Imhof, C.H.M. van der Werf, R.E.I. Schropp, A. van Blaaderen, Adv. Mater. 18, 1662–1666 (2006)Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    A. Snigirev, V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, B. Lengeler, Nature 384, 49–51 (1996)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    V. Kohn, I. Snigireva, A. Snigirev, Opt. Commun. 216, 247–260 (2003)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    M. Drakopoulos, A. Snigirev, I. Snigireva, J. Schilling, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 014102 (2005)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    K. Zhao, R. Bruinsma, T.G. Mason, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 108, 2684–2687 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Y. Zhang, F. Lu, D. van der Lelie, O. Gang, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 135701 (2011)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Y. Jiao, F.H. Stillinger, S. Torquato, Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 245504 (2008)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    C. Avendano, F.A. Escobedo, Soft Matter 8, 4675–4681 (2012)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    A. Guinier, X-Ray Diffraction in Crystal, Imperfect Crystals, and Amorphous Bodies (Dover, New York, 1994)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Van ’t Hoff Laboratory for Physical and Colloid Chemistry, Debye Institute for Nanomaterials ScienceUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations