Liana Assemblages in Tropical Forests of Africa and Southeast Asia: Diversity, Abundance, and Management

  • Patrick Addo-FordjourEmail author
  • Zakaria B. Rahmad
Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB, volume 5)


Lianas form an important component of tropical forest ecosystems in Africa and Southeast Asia, but there is scanty information on liana ecology in these two eco-regions. Furthermore, there is dearth of information about intercontinental comparison of liana ecology in the tropics. This chapter therefore, describes and synthesises studies conducted in these two regions. The patterns of liana abundance and diversity, and the factors that affect them in the two continents were described and compared in the chapter. Additionally, the chapter describes various management interventions used to control lianas in Africa and Southeast Asia, and their consequences on liana assemblages and forest biodiversity. Tropical forests of Africa tend to harbour higher liana diversity and abundance than Southeast Asian forests. Liana assemblages in the two regions are related with a number of factors including human disturbance, soil properties, rainfall and topography. Liana cutting was the main silvicultural tool used in controlling lianas in Africa and Southeast Asia. This silvicultural tool is integrated in many forest management systems in the two regions. Although liana cutting reduces liana abundance, it adversely affects liana diversity which could influence the overall forest biodiversity of treated forests.


Liana cutting Liana diversity and abundance Soil properties Topographic factors Human disturbance 



We gratefully acknowledge the support of TWAS-USM Postgraduate Fellowship and Research University Grant (RU) (1001/PBIOLOGI/815086).


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Theoretical and Applied Biology, College of ScienceKwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology (KNUST)KumasiGhana
  2. 2.School of Biological SciencesUniversiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia
  3. 3.The Centre for Marine and Coastal Studies (CEMACS)Universiti Sains MalaysiaPenangMalaysia

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