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Geographical, Taxonomical and Ecological Aspects of Lianas in Subtropical Forests of Argentina

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Part of the Sustainable Development and Biodiversity book series (SDEB,volume 5)

Abstract

Lianas are more diverse and typically more abundant in tropical than temperate forests, with subtropical forests being intermediate. In this chapter, we analyze geographical, taxonomical and ecological patterns of lianas in subtropical forests of Northern Argentina, including Mountain Forests (MF), Atlantic Forests (AF); and Dry and Humid Chaco Forests (DCh and HCh, respectively). A total of 184 woody species of climbing plants were recognized in all four subtropical forests, with 35 species exclusive to MF, 38 exclusive to AF, while DCh and HCh had 2 and 8 exclusive species, respectively. In MF most liana species belonged to Sapindaceae and Bignoniaceae (16 % each), followed by Malpighiaceae (11 %) and Apocynaceae (10 %). In AF most liana species belonged to Bignoniaceae (21 %) followed by Apocynaceae (12 %), Fabaceae (11 %), Malpighiaceae (11 %) and Sapindaceae (10 %). Considering all liana species together, the most common climbing mechanisms included tendrils and twiners. The highest liana density was observed in the semideciduous Atlantic Forest, followed by the deciduous Humid Chaco Forest and the semideciduous Montane Forest. The semideciduous Atlantic Forest has also relatively high liana species richness as compared to other subtropical forests, followed by semideciduous MF. Besides geographical location and forest disturbances, little is known about how lianas respond to other environmental factors that drive patterns of liana density and diversity in these subtropical forests.

Keywords

  • Atlantic Forest
  • Chaco
  • Disturbance
  • Subtropical Forest
  • Woody climbers
  • Yungas

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Acknowledgments

Karina Buzza from SIGA PROYUNGAS made the figure of the study area.

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Correspondence to Agustina Malizia .

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Appendix

Appendix

Liana species recorded in subtropical forests of northern Argentina, listed by plant family, climbing mechanism, and forest type

Liana species Climbing mechanism Forest type
UM LM P DCh HCh AF
Amaranthaceae
Alternanthera scandens Herzog Scrambler      
Chamissoa altissima (Jacq.) Kunth Scrambler   
Hebanthe eriantha (Poir.) Pedersen Scrambler      
Hebanthe occidentalis (R.E. Fr.) Borsch & Pedersen Scrambler     
Apocynaceae
Condylocarpon isthmicum (Vell.) A.DC. Twiner      
Fischeria stellata (Vell.) E.Fourn. Twiner      
Forsteronia glabrescens Mull. Arg. Twiner    
Forsteronia pubescens A. DC. Twiner   
Forsteronia refracta Müll. Arg. Twiner      
Forsteronia thyrsoidea (Vell.) Müll. Arg. Twiner    
Jobinia lindbergii E. Fourn. Twiner      
Macropharynx meyeri (C. Ezcurra) Xifreda Twiner      
Macroscepis aurea E. Fourn. Twiner    
Mandevilla pentladiana (A. DC.) Woodson Twiner      
Marsdenia macrophylla (Humb. & Bonpl. ex Schult) E. Fourn. Twiner      
Mesechites trifidus (Jacq.) Müll. Arg. Twiner     
Oxypetalum erianthum Decne. Twiner    
Peltastes peltatus (Vell.) Woodson Twiner     
Prestonia coalita (Vell.) Woodson Twiner     
Prestonia cyaniphylla (Rusby) Woodson Twiner     
Prestonia quinquangularis (Jacq.) Spreng. Twiner    
Prestonia riedelli (Mull. Arg.) Markgr Twiner   
Aristolochiaceae
Aristolochia esperanzae Kuntze Tendril      
Aristolochia gibertii Hook. Tendril      
Aristolochia odoratissima L. Tendril      
Aristolochia triangularis Cham. Tendril     
Euglypha rojasiana Chodat & Hassl. Tendril      
Asteraceae
Mikania glomerata Spreng. Twiner     
Mikania variifolia Hieron. Twiner     
Mutisia acuminata Ruiz et Pav. var paucijuga (Griseb.) Cabrera Tendril      
Mutisia saltensis Cabrera Tendril      
Piptocarpha sellowii (Sch. Bip.) Baker Scrambler     
Pseudogynoxys cabrerae H. Rob. et Cuatrec. Twiner   
Salmea scandens (L.) DC. Scrambler     
Vernonia fulta Griseb. Scrambler     
Wedelia saltensis Cabrera Scrambler     
Bignoniaceae
Adenocalymma marginatum (Cham.) DC. marginatum Tendril     
Adenocalymma paulistarum Bureau & K. Schum. Tendril      
Adenocalymma scansile Miers Tendril      
Amphilophium carolinae (Lindl.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril    
Amphilophium crucigerum (L.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril    
Amphilophium paniculatum (L.) Kunth Tendril     
Amphilophium pannosum (DC.) Bureau & K. Schum. Tendril      
Amphilophium sandwithii Fabris Tendril     
Bignonia binata Thumb. Tendril     
Bignonia callistegioides Cham. Tendril    
Bignonia decora (S. Moore) L.G. Lohmann Tendril      
Bignonia sciuripabulum (K. Schum.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril      
Cuspidaria convoluta (Vell.) A.H. Gentry Tendril     
Dolichandra chodatii (Hassl.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Dolichandra cynanchoides Cham. Tendril  
Dolichandra quadrivalvis (Jacq.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril    
Dolichandra uncata (Andrews) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Dolichandra unguis-cati (L.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril  
Fridericia candicans (Rich.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril      
Fridericia caudigera (S. Moore) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Fridericia chica (Bonpl.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril      
Fridericia dichotoma (S. Moore) L.G. Lohmann Tendril   
Fridericia florida (DC.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Fridericia samydoides (Cham.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Fridericia triplinervia (DC.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Fridericia truncata (Sprague) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Mansoa difficilis (Cham.) Bureau & K. Schum. Tendril     
Pyrostegia venusta (Ker Gawl.) Miers Tendril     
Tanaecium cyrtathum (Mart. ex DC.) Bureau et K. Schum. Tendril     
Tanaecium mutabile (Bureau & K. Schum.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril     
Tanaecium selloi (Spreng.) L.G. Lohmann Tendril    
Tourretia lappacea (L’Her) Willd. Tendril     
Tynanthus micranthus Corr. Méllo ex K. Schum. Tendril      
Cactaceae
Pereskia aculeata Mill. Twiner     
Celtidaceae
Celtis iguanaea (Jacq.) Sarg Scrambler/Spines   
Cucurbitaceae
Siolmatra brasiliensis (Cogn.) Baill. var. pubescens (Griseb.) Cogn. Tendril    
Dilleniaceae
Tetracera oblongata DC. Twiner      
Euphorbiaceae
Dalechampia stipulacea Müll. Arg. Twiner     
Fabaceae
Acacia nitidifolia Speg. Scrambler      
Acacia parviceps (Speg.) Burkart Scrambler/Spines    
Acacia tucumanensis Griseb. Scrambler/Spines   
Acacia velutina DC. Scrambler/Spines      
Bauhinia microstachya (Raddi) J.F. Macbr. Tendril      
Canavalia piperi Killip et J.F. Macbr. Twiner      
Clitoria cordobensis Burkart Twiner      
Cratylia intermedia (Hassl.) L.P. Queiroz & R. Monteiro Tendril      
Dalbergia frutescens (Vell.) Britton Tendril     
Dioclea violacea Mart. ex Benth. Tendril     
Mimosa bimucronata (DC.) Kuntze Tendril     
Mimosa sensibilis Griseb. Scrambler/Spines     
Mimosa velloziana Mart. Scrambler/Spines    
Mucuna sloanei Fawc. & Rendle Twiner      
Nissolia fruticosa Jacq. Twiner   
Vigna caracalla (L.) Verdc. Tendril     
Hippocrateaceae
Elachyptera micrantha (Cambess.) AC. Sm. Twiner      
Hippocratea volubilis L. Twiner     
Pristimera andina Miers Twiner     
Liliaceae
Herreria bonplandii Lecomte Scrambler/Twiner    
Herreria montevidensis Klotzsch ex Griseb. Twiner     
Logoniaceae
Strychnos brasiliensis (Spreng.) Mart. Scrambler      
Malphighiaceae
Alicia anisopetala (A. Juss.) W.R. Anderson Twiner      
Banisteriopsis caapi (Griseb.) C.V. Morton Twiner    
Banisteriopsis lutea (Griseb.) Cuatrec. Twiner     
Banisteriopsis muricata (Cav.) Cuatrec. Scrambler/Twiner    
Callaeum psilophyllum (A. Juss.) D.M. Johnson Scrambler/Twiner     
Dicella nucifera Chodat Twiner     
Heladena multiflora (Hook. & Arn.) Nied. Twiner      
Heteropterys amplexicaulis Morong Twiner      
Heteropterys argyrophaea A. Juss. Twiner     
Heteropterys bicolor A. Juss. Twiner      
Heteropterys cochleosperma A. Juss. Scrambler/Twiner     
Heteropterys dumetorum (Griseb.) Nied. Scrambler/Twiner   
Heteropterys intermedia (A. Juss.) Griseb. Twiner      
Heteropterys mollis (Nied.) Nied. Scrambler      
Heteropterys schulziana W.R. Anderson Scrambler/Twiner      
Heteropterys sylvatica A. Juss Scrambler     
Hiraea fagifolia (DC.) A. Juss. Twiner     
Janusia guaranitica (St. Hil.) A. Juss. Twiner  
Mascagnia brevifolia Griseb. Twiner     
Mascagnia divaricata (Kunth) Nied. Twiner     
Niedenzuella sericea A. Juss. W.R. Anderson Twiner      
Stigmaphyllon bonariense (Hook. & Arn.) C.E. Anderson Twiner     
Stigmaphyllon jatrophifolium A. Juss. Twiner     
Menispermaceae
Odontocarya acuparata Miers Twiner     
Odontocarya asarifolia Barneby Twiner    
Nyctaginaceae
Pisionella arborescens (Lag. Et Rodr.) Standl Scrambler     
Pisonia aculeata L. Scrambler     
Passifloraceae
Passiflora alata Curtis Tendril      
Passiflora edulis Sims Tendril      
Passiflora elegans Mast. Tendril      
Phytolaccaceae
Seguieria aculeata Jacq. Scrambler/Spines    
Trichostigma octandrum (L.) H. Walter Scrambler/Spines    
Polygonaceae
Muehlenbeckia sagittifolia (Ortega) Meisn. Twiner   
Ranunculaceae
Clematis bonariensis Juss. Ex DC. Twiner      
Clematis campestris A. St.-Hil. Twiner      
Clematis dioica L. Twiner      
Clematis haenkeana C. Presl. No special organs     
Clematis montevidensis Spreng. No special organs   
Rhamnaceae
Gouania latifolia Reissek. Tendril      
Gouania lupuloides (L.) Urb. Tendril    
Gouania polygama (Jacq.) Urb. Tendril    
Gouania ulmifolia Hook. & Arn. Tendril      
Rosaceae
Rubus imperialis Cham et Schltdl. Spines    
Rubiaceae
Chiococca alba (L.) C.L. Hitchc Scrambler     
Sapindaceae
Paullinia elegans Cambess Tendril     
Paullinia meliaefolia Juss. Tendril      
Paullinia pinnata L. Tendril     
Serjania ampelopsis Planch. et Linden Tendril      
Serjania caracasana (Jacq.) Willd. Tendril   
Serjania confertiflora Radlk. Tendril      
Serjania foveata Griseb. Tendril    
Serjania fuscifolia Radlk. Tendril     
Serjania glabrata Kunth Tendril   
Serjania glutinosa Radlk. Tendril     
Serjania hebecarpa Benth. Tendril   
Serjania laruotteana Cambess Tendril     
Serjania longistipula Radlk Tendril      
Serjania marginata Casar. Tendril    
Serjania meridionalis Cambess Tendril   
Serjania perulacea Radlk. Tendril    
Serjania sufferruginea Radlk. Tendril     
Serjania tripleuria Ferrucci Tendril    
Thinouia mucronata Radlk. Tendril   
Urvillea chacoensis Hunz. Tendril     
Urvillea laevis Radlk. Tendril      
Urvillea ulmacea Kunth Tendril    
Urvillea uniloba Radlk. Tendril      
Smilacaceae
Smilax assumptionis A.DC. Tendril      
Smilax campestris Griseb. Tendril   
Smilax cognata Kunth Tendril      
Smilax fluminensis Steud. Tendril      
Smilax pilcomayensis Guagl. & Gattuso Tendril      
Solanaceae
Salpichroa scandens Dammer Scrambler      
Salpichroa tristis Miers var. tristis Scrambler      
Solanum calileguae Cabrera Scrambler      
Solanum hirtellum (Spreng.) Hassl. Scrambler      
Solanum ipomoeoides Chodat No special organs    
Sterculiaceae
Byttneria catalpifolia Jacq. Twiner      
Byttneria filipes Mart. ex K. Schum Twiner     
Byttneria oranensis Cristóbal Twiner     
Violaceae
Anchietea pyrifolia Hallier Twiner     
Vitaceae
Cissus palmata Poir. Tendril    
Cissus simsiana Schult. et Schult. fil. Tendril      
Cissus striata Ruiz et Pav. Tendril    
Cissus subrhomboidea (Baker) Planch. Tendril      
Cissus sulcicaulis Planch Tendril     
Cissus tweediana (Baker) Griseb. Tendril    
Cissus verticillata (L.) Nicolson et C.E. Jarvis Tendril  
  1. UM upper montane forest, LM lower montane forest, P piedmont, DCh Dry Chaco Forest, HCh Humid Chaco forest, AF Atlantic forest

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Malizia, A., Campanello, P.I., Villagra, M., Ceballos, S. (2015). Geographical, Taxonomical and Ecological Aspects of Lianas in Subtropical Forests of Argentina. In: Parthasarathy, N. (eds) Biodiversity of Lianas. Sustainable Development and Biodiversity, vol 5. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-14592-1_3

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