Comparison of Two Prompting Methods in Guiding People with Traumatic Brain Injury in Cooking Tasks

  • Jing Wang
  • Harshal Mahajan
  • Pamela Toto
  • Ashlee McKeon
  • Michael McCue
  • Dan DingEmail author
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8456)


This study aims to examine the effectiveness of two prompting methods (i.e., a paper-based method vs a step-by-step user-controlled method on an iPad mini) in guiding individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) through the cooking tasks. Eight individuals with traumatic brain injury participated in this study. They were asked to prepare two meals in their home kitchens following the guidance of the two methods, respectively. Their performance were evaluated using the Performance Assessment of Self-Care Skills (PASS) tool. The perceived ease-of-use, usefulness, and cognitive loads of the two prompting methods were assessed using a custom questionnaire. In addition, problems of participants in completing the cooking tasks with both prompting methods were categorized. Results showed that four participants completed cooking tasks more independently with the user-controlled prompting method and most participants preferred the user-controlled method to paper-based prompting. Recommendations for future development of prompting methods were also discussed.


Prompting method Traumatic brain injury Cooking tasks 



This research was funded through the National Science Foundation, Quality of Life Technology Engineering Research Center (grant #EEC 0540865). No commercial party having a direct financial interest in the results of the research supporting this article has or will confer a benefit on the authors or on any organization with which the authors are associated.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jing Wang
    • 1
  • Harshal Mahajan
    • 1
  • Pamela Toto
    • 1
  • Ashlee McKeon
    • 1
  • Michael McCue
    • 1
  • Dan Ding
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Rehabilitation Science and Technology, School of Health and Rehabilitation SciencesUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA

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