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Submarine Groundwater Discharge to the Bay of Puck, Southern Baltic Sea and Its Possible Changes with Regard to Predicted Climate Changes

  • Beata Szymczycha
Chapter
Part of the GeoPlanet: Earth and Planetary Sciences book series (GEPS)

Abstract

The climate change is an ongoing phenomenon causing numerous environmental problems, including modifications of the already seriously influenced by anthropogenic activity hydrological cycle. Estimating the climate change influence on groundwater is challenging because climate change can modify hydrological processes and groundwater resources directly and indirectly. Under the climate scenarios for the southern Baltic, precipitation is projected to increase in the entire Baltic Sea watershed in winter, while in summer increase of precipitation is mainly projected in the northern part of the basin. Thus, the precipitation will impact the groundwater discharge to the sea (SGD). Consequently, the already substantial SGD to the Bay of Puck, southern Baltic Sea can increase. Not only the additional amount of water will enter the marine environment by means of SGD but also significant load of chemical substances.

Keywords

Water resources Global change Adaptation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The study reports the results obtained within research project 2012/05/N/ST10/02761 sponsored by the Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education and as a part of the Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences statutory activities.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of SciencesSopotPoland

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