An Active Optical Flow Model for Dose Prediction in Spinal SBRT Plans

  • Jianfei LiuEmail author
  • Q. Jackie Wu
  • Fang-Fang Yin
  • John P. Kirkpatrick
  • Alvin Cabrera
  • Yaorong Ge
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computational Vision and Biomechanics book series (LNCVB, volume 20)


Accurate dose predication is critical to spinal stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT). It enables radiation oncologists and planners to design treatment plans that maximally protect spinal cord while effectively controlling surrounding tumors. Spinal cord dose distribution is primarily affected by the shapes of tumor boundaries near the organ. In this work, we estimate such boundary effects and predict dose distribution by exploring an active optical flow model (AOFM). To establish AOFM, we collect a sequence of dose sub-images and tumor contours near spinal cords from a database of clinically accepted spine SBRT plans. The data are classified into five groups according to the tumor location in relation to the spinal cords. In each group, we randomly choose a dose sub-image as the reference and register all other dose images to the reference using an optical flow method. AOFM is then constructed by importing optical flow vectors and dose values into the principal component analysis. To develop the predictive model for a group, we also build active shape model (ASM) of tumor contours near the spinal cords. The correlation between ASM and AOFM is estimated via the multiple regression model. When predicting dose distribution of a new case, the group was first determined based on the case’s tumor contour. Then the corresponding model for the group is used to map from the ASM space to the AOFM space. Finally, the parameters in the AOFM space are used to estimate dose distribution. This method was validated on 30 SBRT plans. Analysis of dose-volume histograms revealed that at the important 2 % volume mark, the dose difference between prediction and clinical plan is less than \(4\,\%\). These results suggest that the AOFM-based approach is a promising tool for predicting accurate spinal cord dose in clinical practice.


Spinal Cord Optical Flow Dose Distribution Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy Principal Component Score 
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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jianfei Liu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Q. Jackie Wu
    • 1
  • Fang-Fang Yin
    • 1
  • John P. Kirkpatrick
    • 1
  • Alvin Cabrera
    • 1
  • Yaorong Ge
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Radiation OncologyDuke University Medical CentreDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of Software and Information SystemsUniversity of North Carolina at CharlotteCharlotteUSA

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