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Graphene Polymer Nanocomposites for Fuel Cells

  • Jinghan Zhu
  • Fei Liu
  • Nasir Mahmood
  • Yanglong HouEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series on Polymer and Composite Materials book series (SSPCM)

Abstract

Fuel cells have long been considered as highly efficient devices for energy conversion which transform chemical energy directly into electricity, without any venomous pollutants emitted into ambient environment. In recent years, graphene-polymer nanocomposites have attracted intense interest as functional components in fuel cells. This chapter focuses on the potential applications of graphene-polymer composites in fuel cells. Recent advancement in the synthesis of graphene, polymer, graphene-polymer composites will be presented. Then, latest explorations of graphene-polymer composites applied as membranes, anode and cathode materials will be summarized. Furthermore, the vital roles of graphene-polymer to support noble metal catalysts will be illustrated. Finally, prospects of graphene-polymer composites for fuel cells will be outlined for further development.

Keywords

Graphene Polymer Nanocomposites Fuel cells Membrane Anode Cathode Electrocatalysts 

Abbreviation

BMI

1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium

CC

Carbon cloth

CCG

Chemically converted graphene

CDP

β-Cyclodextrin polymer

CV

Cyclic voltammetry

CVD

Chemical vapor deposition

DGO

Modified graphene oxide

DMFC

Direct methanol fuel cells

DFAFC

Direct formic acid fuel cells

ECSA

Electrochemical active surface area

EG

Expanded graphite

ERGO

Electrochemically reducing graphene oxide

GC

Glass carbon

GCN

Graphitic carbon nitride

GF

Graphite felt

GM-silica

Graphene-based silica

GNP

Graphite nanoplatelet

GNS

Ggraphene nanosheets

GO

Graphene oxide

K-L

Koutecky-Levich

LbL

Layer by layer

LSV

Linear sweep voltammetry

MFC

Microbial fuel cell

MNF

Mesonaphthobifluorene

NG

Nitrogen-doped graphene

NPs

Nanoparticles

O-EDOT

Oxidized Ethylenedioxythiophene

ORR

Oxygen reduction reaction

PAA

Polyallylamine

PANI

Polyaniline

PB

Platinum black

PBI

Polybenzimidazole

PBS

Phosphate buffer solution

PDDA

Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)

PEDOT

Poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)

PEEK

Polyether ether ketone

PEM

Proton exchange membranes

PEMFC

Proton exchange membrane fuel cells

PMF

Phenol–melamine–formaldehyde

PMAA

Poly(methacrylic acid sodium salt)

PSS

Poly(sodium 4-styrenesulfonate)

PPy

Polypyrrole

PSF

Polysulfone

PVA

Polyvinyl alcohol

PVP

Polyvinylpyrrolidone

RGO

Reduced graphene oxide

SGO

Sulfonated graphene oxide

SPES

Sulfonated poly(ether sulfone)

SPI

Sulfonated polyimide

SPEEK

Sulfonated polyether ether ketone

STA

Silicotungstic acid

TCNQ

7,7,8,8-Tetracyanoquinodimethane

3D

Three-dimensional

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jinghan Zhu
    • 1
  • Fei Liu
    • 1
  • Nasir Mahmood
    • 1
  • Yanglong Hou
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringCollege of Engineering Peking UniversityBeijingChina

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