Democracy and Education: A History from Ancient Athens

  • Nicholas C. KyriazisEmail author
  • Emmanouil Marios L. Economou
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Economics book series (BRIEFSECONOMICS, volume 89)


In the present essay we present first a theoretical model, introducing the term “macroculture” as a long-term set of norms, values, institutions, and organizations that characterize societies. We analyze how a/new democratic macroculture emerged for the first time in the Greek city-states by the end of the sixth century BCE. We then, inspired by Humboldt’s work on education as a condition for the good functioning of democracy, taking a case study, Classical Athens. Athenians were well aware that for a smooth functioning of democracy the citizens, who voted in the Assembly under direct democracy procedures, had to be educated. Thus, they could find good solutions in the decision process of the Assembly. To achieve this, they introduced some ingenious policy measures.


Democracy Education Classical Athens Policy measures 


A13 A14 N33 Z1 


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nicholas C. Kyriazis
    • 1
    Email author
  • Emmanouil Marios L. Economou
    • 1
  1. 1.Economics DepartmentUniversity of ThessalyVolosGreece

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