Impact of Stubborn Individuals on a Spread of Infectious Disease under Voluntary Vaccination Policy

  • Eriko FukudaEmail author
  • Jun Tanimoto
Conference paper
Part of the Proceedings in Adaptation, Learning and Optimization book series (PALO, volume 1)


Achievement of the herd immunity is essential for preventing epidemics of vaccine-preventable diseases. However, an individual’s decision-making whether or not to be vaccinated depends on several factors, such as perceived risks of vaccination and infection, her self-interest, and response of others to vaccination under voluntary vaccination policies. In this study, we consider the case where “stubborn individuals” are presented in lattice populations, who consistently hold the vaccination strategy (stubborn vaccinated individuals) or the no-vaccination strategy (stubborn unvaccinated individuals). We investigate individuals’ decision-making process with vaccination by means of modeling the dynamics for epidemic spreading applied to evolutionary game theory. As a result, we find that the presence of stubborn ones, even if it accounts for a small fraction, significantly affect the epidemic spreading and vaccination behavior.


Vaccination Evolutionary game theory Infectious diseases Mathematical epidemiology 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering SciencesKyushu UniversityKasuga-shiJapan

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