Designing Interactive Scratch Content for Future E-books

  • Mario MäeotsEmail author
  • Leo Siiman
  • Margus Pedaste
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8699)


In the current paper we propose a framework for designing interactive content to make future e-books more dynamic. The problem with typical e-books today is that they seem to have a lack of interactivity. Considering the rapid advancement of digital technology there are many opportunities to change this situation. We focus on using the multimedia authoring tool Scratch as an option to create interactive content. The Scratch platform is valuable because content can be easily created, shared, embedded in websites and even possibly embedded in future e-books. Thus it opens up a possibility for making e-books more interactive and dynamic. Scratch by its very nature also promotes the constructivist pedagogy of learning by design. The framework we propose for designing interactive Scratch content was derived from creating a specific Scratch model to teach biology content. However, the framework is a promising start to producing interactive content that can apply potentially to any subject.


E-books Learning by design Digital learning material Interactive simulations Visual programming environments 



The Scratch models used in this research were produced in the context of a project Biodigi (, financed by the European Social Fund. We would like to thank Meelis Brikker who created all drawings for the models.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Social Sciences and Education, Centre for Educational TechnologyInstitute of Education, University of TartuTartuEstonia

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