Bridging in-and-out Class Learning: Mobile Seamless Mandarin Learning

  • Yu-Ju LanEmail author
  • Yao-Ting Sung
  • Kuo-En Chang
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 8699)


This study aimed at bridging CSL students’ learning both inside and outside the classroom. Mobile seamless learning technology was used to enhance their Mandarin performances. Forty-one overseas Chinese students participated in this study. The Mandarin Chinese performances was collected and analyzed to determine the effects of mobile seamless learning on Mandarin Chinese learning by overseas Chinese students. Analysis of the results showed that overseas Chinese students were benefited from connecting the gaps between inside and outside the classroom learning.


Chinese as a second language (CSL) Seamless learning Mobile technology Mandarin Chinese 



The author would like to thank the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, R.O.C., for financially supporting this research under Grant No. NSC 101-2511-S-003-031-MY3. She is also thankful that this research is partially supported by the “Aim for the Top University Project” of National Taiwan Normal University (NTNU), sponsored by the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, R.O.C., the “International Research-Intensive Center of Excellence Program” of NTNU and the Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan, R.O.C. under Grant No. NSC 103-2911-I-003-301.


  1. 1.
    Ramzy, A.: Get ahead, learn mandarin: China’s economic rise means the world has a new second language—and it isn’t English (2006).
  2. 2.
    Jiang, X.M.: The current situation and reflection of TCFL. Paper presented at 2007 Multicultural and Ethnic Harmony International Conference, Taiwan, Taipei (2007). Accessed 23–24 Nov 2007
  3. 3.
    Lan, Y.J.: Does second life improve Mandarin learning by overseas Chinese students? Lang. Learn. Technol. 18(2), 36–56 (2014)Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Swain, M.: Three functions of output in second language learning. In: Cook, G., Seidelhofer, B. (eds.) Principle and Practice in Applied Linguistics: Studies in Honor of H.G. Widdowson, pp. 125–144. Oxford University Press, Oxford (1995)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lave, J., Wenger, E.: Situated Learning: Legitimate Peripheral Participation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Long, M.H.: The role of the linguistic environment in second language acquisition. In: Ritchie, W.C., Tej, K.B. (eds.) Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, pp. 413–468. Academic Press, San Diego (1996)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Krashen, S.D.: Second Language Acquisition and Second Language Learning. Pergamon Press, New York (1981)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Meltzoff, A.N., Kuhl, P.K., Movellan, J., Sejnowski, T.J.: Foundations for a new science of learning. Science 325(5938), 284–288 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Larreamendy-Joerns, J., Leinhardt, G.: Going the distance with online education. Rev. Educ. Res. 76(4), 567–605 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan, R.O.C.
  2. 2.Department of Educational Psychology and CounselingNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Information and Computer EducationNational Taiwan Normal UniversityTaipeiTaiwan

Personalised recommendations