Fundamental and Applied Properties of Borocations

Part of the Topics in Organometallic Chemistry book series (TOPORGAN, volume 49)


The past 5 years has witnessed considerable growth in the field of borocation chemistry with a multitude of new cations containing 2, 3 and 4 coordinate boron centres reported. Perhaps more significant has been the expansion in the synthetic utility of borocations as stoichiometric reagents and catalysts. It is these new applications of borocations that are the primary focus of this article which concentrates on reports from 2009 to the end of June 2014. The correlation between structure and reactivity in these recent studies will be emphasised to aid in the future design of new borocations for specific targeted outcomes.


Borenium Borinium Borocations Boronium Borylation Dehydroboration Electrophiles Haloboration Hydroboration Lewis acid catalysis 



Triflimide N(SO2CF3)2


Triflate OSO2CF3




Catecholato ([o-C6H4O2]2−)


Thiocatecholato ([o-C6H4S2]2−)


Chloride ion affinity






Diffusion-ordered NMR spectroscopy


Fluoride ion affinity


Frustrated Lewis pair


Hydride ion affinity


Kinetic isotope effect


Mesityl (2,4,6-Me3-C6H2)


N-Heterocyclic carbene


Polarisation continuum model


Pinacolato ([OC(Me)2C(Me)2O]2−)


Electrophilic aromatic substitution


N,N-Dimethylaminopyridine (x = 2 or 4)


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© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of ChemistryThe University of ManchesterManchesterUK

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