Advanced Connectors

  • Roham Afghani KhoraskaniEmail author
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology book series (BRIEFSAPPLSCIENCES)


The use of advanced connectors in cladding systems has been proposed by many scholars and designers after post-earthquake surveys. Laboratory tests had shown that fixed elements of a cladding system are vulnerable to damage during an earthquake due to deformation accruing in the structure of buildings. The idea of using advanced connectors was to provide isolation between the envelope system and the structure and to dissipate seismic energy. Since light-weight cladding systems do not affect the dynamic behavior of the building, giving very little contribution to it, it is obvious that the energy dissipating approach on a building scale can only be carried out in heavy cladding systems. Goodno et al. (Ductile Cladding Connection Systems for Seismic Design NIST, Gaithersberg, 1998) provide a detailed study of different dissipating connection systems. But since energy dissipating mechanisms can also be used as a means of controlling the forces resulting from displacements, they still have the potential for being used in light cladding systems in order to provide a desirable level of isolation. Due to their simplicity, both in terms of analytical study and practical use and high control over the forces that are transmitted, friction damping connectors are proposed in this research as suitable connecting devices between the glazed envelope and the structure of the building.


World Trade Center Connection System Curtain Wall Automotive Brake Connection Device 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Bai, B. (2009). Connecting device for curtain wall units, no. 20090249736.Google Scholar
  2. Brueggeman, J. L., Behr, R. A., Wulfert, H., Memari, A. M., & Kremer, P. A. (2000). Dynamic racking performance of an earthquake-isolated curtain wall system. Earthquake Spectra, 16(4), 735–756.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Chopra, A. K. (2001). Dynamics of structures: Theory and applications to earthquake engineering (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, Prentice-Hall International.Google Scholar
  4. De Gobbi, A. (2010). Curtain wall anchor system, US7681366 ed, US.Google Scholar
  5. FitzGerald, T. F., Anagnos, T., Goodson, M., & Zsutty, T. (1989). Slotted bolted connections in aseismic design for concentrically braced connections. Earthquake Spectra, 5(2), 383–391.Google Scholar
  6. Goodno, B. J., Craig, J. I., Dogan, T., & Towashiraporn, P. (1998). Ductile cladding connection systems for seismic design. U.S. Department of Commerce, Technology Administration, National Institute of Standards and Technology.Google Scholar
  7. Goodno, B. J., & Zeevaert Wolff, A. (1989). Working group conclusions on cladding and nonstructural components.Google Scholar
  8. Goodno, B., Zeevaert-Wolff, A., & Craig, J. I. (1989a). Behavior of heavy cladding components. Earthquake Spectra, 5(1), 195–222.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Goodno, B. J., Craig, J. I., & Zeevaert Wolff, A. (1989b). Behavior of architectural nonstructural components in the Mexico earthquake. Final progress report.Google Scholar
  10. Memari, A. M., Behr, R. A., & Kremer, P. A. (2003). Seismic behavior of curtain walls containing insulating glass units. Journal of Architectural Engineering, 9(2), 70–85.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Pall, A. S., & Marsh, C. (1982). Response of friction damped braced frames. ASCE Journal of Structuring Division, 108(ST6), 1313–1323.Google Scholar
  12. Pall, A. S., Marsh, C., & Fazio, P. (1980). Friction joints for seismic control of large panel structures. Journal Prestressed Concrete Institute, 25(6), 38–61.Google Scholar
  13. Pantelides, C. P., & Behr, R. A. (1994). Dynamic in-plane racking tests of curtain wall glass elements. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 23(2), 211–228.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Pantelides, C., Deschenes, J., & Behr, R. (1993). Dynamic in-plane racking tests of curtain wall glass components. In Structural Engineering in Natural Hazards Mitigation, p. 664.Google Scholar
  15. Pantelides, C. P., Truman, K. Z., Behr, R. A., & Belarbi, A. (1996). Development of a loading history for seismic testing of architectural glass in a shop-front wall system. Engineering Structures, 18(12), 917–935.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Pinelli, J. P., Craig, J. I., Goodno, B. J. & Cheng-Chieh, H. (1993). Passive control of building response using energy dissipating cladding connections. Earthquake Spectra, 9(3), 529–546.Google Scholar
  17. Pinelli, J. P., Craig, J. I., & Goodno, B. J. (1995a). Energy-based seismic design of ductile cladding systems, Journal of Structural Engineering—ASCE, 121(3), 567–578.Google Scholar
  18. Pinelli, J. P., Craig, J. I., & Goodno, B. J. (1995b). Energy-based seismic design of ductile cladding systems. Journal of Structural Engineering, 121(3), 567–578.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pinelli, J. P., Moor, C., Craig, J. I., & Goodno, B. J. (1996). Testing of energy dissipating cladding connections. Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics, 25(2), 129–147.Google Scholar
  20. Soong, T. T. (1990). Active structural control: Theory and practice, Longman Scientific & Technical. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  21. Soong, T. T., & Constantinou, M. C. (1994). Passive and active structural vibration control in civil engineering. New York: Springer.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Soong, T. T., & Dargush, G. F. (1997). Passive energy dissipation systems in structural engineering. New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  23. Wulfert, H. (2003). Earthquake-immune curtain wall system, no. 6598359.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Politecnico di MilanoMilanItaly

Personalised recommendations